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Public Policy Studies (PPHA) Courses

PPHA 30101. Math Methods for Public Policy: Algebra. 000 Units.

Math Methods for Public Policy: Algebra" covers Algebra topics foundational to Calculus and intermediate microeconomics. The course focuses on improving students' understanding of mathematics used in Harris core courses and increasing the speed and accuracy with which students perform algebraic calculations. This is a non-credit course.

Terms Offered: Fall
Note(s): This course is for Harris students only.

PPHA 30102. Math Methods for Public Policy: Calculus. 000 Units.

Math Methods for Public Policy: Calculus" covers basic Calculus concepts including derivatives, implicit differentiation, limits, continuity of functions, concavity/convexity, and optimization. The course focuses on improving students' understanding of mathematics used in Harris core courses and increasing the speed and accuracy with which students perform calculations. This is a non-credit course.

Terms Offered: Fall
Note(s): This course is for Harris students only.

PPHA 30110. Coding Lab for Public Policy. 000 Units.

Coding Lab for Public Policy" covers coding topics foundational to statistical methods required for policy students. The course focuses on improving students' understanding of the statistical methods used in Harris core courses and increasing the speed and accuracy with which students perform data analyses using programming languages. This is a non-credit course.

Terms Offered: Autumn
Note(s): This course is for Harris students only.

PPHA 30531. Data Skills for Public Policy. 100 Units.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​the​ ​second​ ​of​ ​a​ ​three-quarter​ data science sequence at ​Harris​​. This​ sequence​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​to​ ​train​ ​you​ ​to​ ​work​ ​in​ ​the​ ​rapidly-expanding​ ​field​ ​of​ ​data​ ​analytics​ ​in the​ ​public​ ​sector​ ​after​ ​graduation.​ ​Although​ ​the​ ​course​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​for​ students pursuing the Master of Public Policy degree,​ other Harris graduate programs, and ​undergraduates are​ ​welcome​ ​to​ ​enroll​ ​as​ ​well.

Instructor(s): Levy, J     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 30535. Data and Programming for Public Policy I. 100 Units.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​the​ ​first​ ​of​ ​a​ ​three-quarter​ data science sequence at ​Harris​​. This​ sequence​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​to​ ​train​ ​you​ ​to​ ​work​ ​in​ ​the​ ​rapidly-expanding​ ​field​ ​of​ ​data​ ​analytics​ ​in the​ ​public​ ​sector​ ​after​ ​graduation.​ ​Although​ ​the​ ​course​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​for​ students pursuing the Master of Public Policy degree,​ other Harris graduate programs, and ​undergraduates are​ ​welcome​ ​to​ ​enroll​ ​as​ ​well.

Instructor(s): Ganong, P     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 30536. Data and Programming for Public Policy II. 100 Units.

This​ ​course​ ​is​ ​the​ ​second​ ​of​ ​a​ ​three-quarter​ data science sequence at ​Harris​​. This​ sequence​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​to​ ​train​ ​you​ ​to​ ​work​ ​in​ ​the​ ​rapidly-expanding​ ​field​ ​of​ ​data​ ​analytics​ ​in the​ ​public​ ​sector​ ​after​ ​graduation.​ ​Although​ ​the​ ​course​ ​is​ ​designed​ ​for​ students pursuing the Master of Public Policy degree,​ other Harris graduate programs, and ​undergraduates are​ ​welcome​ ​to​ ​enroll​ ​as​ ​well.

Terms Offered: TBD
Prerequisite(s): PPHA 30535

PPHA 30540. Machine Learning for Public Policy. 100 Units.

This course will be an introduction to machine learning and how it can be applied to public policy problems. s designed for students who are interested in learning how to use modern, scalable, computational data analysis methods and tools for social impact and policy problems.

Equivalent Course(s): CAPP 30254

PPHA 30545. Machine Learning. 100 Units.

The objective of the Data Science sequence is to train students to be successful and autonomous applied economists and data scientists in government and industry. In the first two courses of the sequence, students learned programming, as well as how to handle, summarize, and visualize modern datasets. The objective of this course is to train students to be insightful users of modern machine learning methods. The class covers regularization methods for regression and classification, as well as large-scale approaches to inference and testing. In order to have greater flexibility when analyzing datasets, both frequentist and Bayesian methods are investigated.

Instructor(s): Pouliot, G     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 30580. Civic Technology. 100 Units.

When you build civic technology, it has the opportunity to touch millions of lives. But it is hard to do well. Getting access to the right data, understanding the existing infrastructure, and knowing what to build are nontrivial questions. In this class, we will go through the process of building good civic technology, and you'll learn how to build technology that makes a difference in people's lives. This course will provide a roadmap for making an idea for civic technology into a reality. This will involve learning how governments operate, how to access and connect to government databases (using Python), how to clean up and manage that data (ETLs), how to build web applications to address civic issues (using Javascript, Ruby, or Python), and how to deploy applications to users who need them. The goals of the course are as follows: to understand and identify opportunities for civic application development; to be able to connect to governmental data systems; to be able to manipulate data from governmental systems into actionable datastores; to build an application that uses civic/governmental data that addresses a real need; and to articulate the value proposition of your application to stakeholders.

Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): CAPP 30122 OR PPHA 30531
Equivalent Course(s): CAPP 30310

PPHA 30800. Analytical Politics I: Strategic Foundation. 100 Units.

This course is designed to serve three interrelated goals. It is an introduction to core concepts in the study of political economy. These concepts include collective action, coordination, and commitment problems; externalities and other forms of market failure; principal-agent relationships; problems of preference aggregation; and agenda setting and voting. The course also introduces basic concepts in game theory, including Nash equilibrium, subgame Perfection, and repeated games. It is not, however, a suitable substitute for a game theory course for doctoral students in the social sciences. Finally, the course provides an overview of some of the key insights from the field of political economy on how institutions shape and constrain the making of public policy, with special attention to various ways in which governments can and cannot be held accountable to their citizens.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31002. Statistics for Data Analysis I. 100 Units.

This course aims to provide a basic understanding of statistical analysis in policy research. Fundamental to understanding and using statistical analysis is the realization that data does not emerge perfect and fully formed from a vacuum. An appreciation of the provenance of the data, the way it was collected, why it was collected, is necessary for effective analysis. Equally important is an understanding of the nature of the statistical inference being attempted the course will distinguish between model-based and design-based inference. There will be some emphasis placed on sampling from finite populations and on data from survey research. The emphasis of the course is on the use of statistical methods rather than on the mathematical foundations of statistics. Because of the wide variety of backgrounds of participating students, the course will make no assumptions about prior knowledge, apart from arithmetic. For students with a strong technical background, the aim of the course is to increase their understanding of the reasoning underlying the methods, and to deepen their appreciation of the kinds of substantive problems that can be addressed by the statistical methods described. PPHA 31002 or PPHA 31201 required of all first-year students.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31003. Discussion: Statistics for Data Analysis I. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Statistics for Data Analysis I. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31101. Statistical Methods and Applications for Public Policy II. 100 Units.

A continuation of PPHA 31001, this course focuses on the statistical concepts and tools used to study the association between variables. This course will introduce students to regression analysis and explore its uses in policy analysis. PPHA 31101 or PPHA 31301 required of all first-year students.

Instructor(s): B. Meyer     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 31103. Discussion: Statistics for Data Analysis II: Regressions. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Statistics for Data Analysis II: Regressions. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 31202. Advanced Statistics for Data Analysis I. 100 Units.

This course focuses on the statistical concepts and tools used to study the association between variables and causal inference. This course will introduce students to regression analysis and explore its uses in policy analyses. This course will assume a greater statistical sophistication on the part of students than is assumed in PPHA 31002.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31203. Discussion: Advanced Statistics for Data Analysis I. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Advanced Statistics for Data Analysis I. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31302. Advanced Statistics for Data Analysis II. 100 Units.

A continuation of PPHA 31202, this course focuses on the statistical concepts and tools used to study the association between variables and causal inference. This course will introduce students to regression analysis and explore its uses in policy analyses. This course will assume a greater statistical sophistication on the part of students than is assumed in PPHA 31102.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 31303. Discussion: Advanced Statistics for Data Analysis II. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Advanced Statistics for Data Analysis II. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 31610. Analytical Politics II: Political Institutions. 100 Units.

This course is intended to introduce students to a set of analytical tools and concepts for understanding how political institutions and political agents generate public policy, and to apply these tools in examining the major institutions of democracy and non-democracy throughout the world. Lessons about political institutions and the policy making process will be understood from the perspective of a policy entrepreneur

Instructor(s): Martinez, L; Buisseret, P; Zelizer, A     Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): PPHA 30800

PPHA 31611. Discussion: Analytical Politics: Political Institutions. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Analytical Politics II: Political Institutions. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 31720. The Science of Elections and Campaigns. 100 Units.

This course will provide students with an introduction to the science of political campaigns. What works, what doesn't, and how can we develop and evaluate better techniques in the future. The course will discuss traditional campaigning techniques along with new techniques that rely on big data, social networking, new technologies, etc., and we will attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of these different approaches. The course will be targeted at students who may be interested in conducting or working on political campaigns as a practitioner. However, the course should also be of interest to students who simply want to learn more about campaigns, elections, or how to apply scientific thinking to politically-important or policy-relevant questions. The course will focus primarily on electoral campaigns, although many of the lessons will be applicable to other kinds of political campaigns (e.g., lobbying, issue advocacy). This course is open to second-year MPP students and required for those who plan to earn a Certificate in Political Campaigns. All non-MPP students should seek permission from the instructor before enrolling.

Instructor(s): Fouirnaies, A     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31730. The Strategic Uses of Survey Research in Political Campaigns. 100 Units.

This course will provide the student with an introduction to the basic facets of survey research, from sampling (WHO gets interviewed), survey design (WHAT gets asked), data analysis techniques, and interpretation of results (WHAT does it mean). But the lion's share of the course will focus on addressing the question; HOW does the data get used? We will reference actual case studies involving public opinion in political campaigns, with heavy emphasis on the current issues of the day and the use of public opinion research as the nation gears up for the next big election. We'll also hear from campaign professionals and candidates, offering real-world examples of how opinion research made a difference in big campaigns. The course leader is an active polling consultant to dozens of campaigns (federal, state, and local) each cycle, helping guide strategy on winning campaigns across the country.

Instructor(s): McGrath, J     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 31810. Lessons from Policies that Went Wrong. 100 Units.

Effective policies require a good understanding of the setting they aim to regulate. Knowing what are some of the possible unintended consequences can help to plan for them in the policy design stage. Behavioral responses of those that are affected by the policy can reduce its effectiveness, and even result in outcomes that are the opposite of the original goal. In this course, we will review different policies that did not succeed in achieving their intended targets because they did not fully consider what will happen in their aftermath. We will cover policies across a wide range of outcomes: health, energy and environment, development and aid, education, violence reduction, and labor markets. The goal is to understand what went wrong in each case, and to generalize lessons for future policy making. For each policy, we will start with the original problem it was trying to solve, cover some general theory and intuition around its proposed approach, and study a paper that empirically evaluated its impact. No textbook is required for this course. Grading is based on short weekly assignments, a 2-pages midterm paper analyzing a currently discussed policy, and a final exam.

Instructor(s): Frank, E     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 31941. Behavioral Science and Public Policy. 100 Units.

Many policies are aimed at influencing people's behavior. The most well-intentioned policies can fail, however, if they are not designed to be compatible with the way people actually think and make decisions. This course will draw from the fields of cognitive, social, and environmental psychology to (1) examine the ways in which human behavior deviates from the standard rational actor model typically assumed by economics, and (2) provide strategies for improving the design, implementation, and evaluation of public-facing policies. The basic premise of this course is that a foundational understanding of human behavior can lead not only to more effective policies, but enhanced decision-making and well-being.

Instructor(s): Wolske, K     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 31950. Design for Social Impact. 100 Units.

Human-Centered Design is an established approach to service and systems development in the private and public sectors alike. Chicago and neighboring communities have complex social issues that could be re-examined through the use of design methods that facilitate human-centered research, visualization of ideas, co-design, and prototyping new approaches. This course will focus on equipping students with Human-Centered Design skills applicable to public policy, by employing creative thinking. The most effective way to develop these skills is to apply them to existing projects - this case, ongoing Policy Labs initiatives. Broadly, this course will be structured as a workshop geared towards giving students practical experience planning and implementing (qualitative) design research, analyzing data, developing design concepts based on research insights and prototyping these with partner organizations.

Instructor(s): Pulik, L     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 32100. State and Local Public Finance. 100 Units.

This course uses basic microeconomic theory to analyze the taxing, spending, and programmatic choices of state and local governments in the United States, relying on the median voter and Tiebout models. On the revenue side, the course treats property, sales, and income taxation, as well as nontax revenue sources such as lotteries and user fees. On the spending side, the course covers several topics, including privatization, Medicaid, education finance, capital projects and debt finance, and, time permitting, local economic development tools used by state and local governments.

Instructor(s): Worthington, P; Hazinski, T     Terms Offered: Autumn Spring

PPHA 32300. Principles of Microeconomics and Public Policy I. 100 Units.

PPHA 32300 (Principles of Microeconomics and Public Policy I) a serves as the first course in a two-quarter sequence in microeconomic theory. PPHA 32300 (Principles of Microeconomics and Public Policy I) does not require prior training in economics, although prior courses will be helpful. PPHA 32300 provides a careful and rigorous presentation of the foundations of microeconomics. Applications will be discussed in tandem with the course material (examples might be discussion of minimum wages, labor supply and taxes, fixed costs and licensing restrictions with taxis and Uber) but the primary focus is on the tools and techniques of microeconomics and price theory. This course covers the theory of consumer choice and the theory of the firm. Moderately fast-paced, the course is designed for students lacking a background in economics. Students will have an opportunity to apply economics to policy issues such as food stamps, income taxation, housing subsidies, and labor markets. Extensive problem sets provide an opportunity for practical application and a deeper understanding of the material. Calculus is not required, but a good grasp of algebra is necessary.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring

PPHA 32301. Discussion: Principles of Microeconomics and Public Policy I. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Principles of Microeconomics and Public Policy I. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 32310. Advanced Microeconomics for Public Policy I. 100 Units.

Advanced core course in micro economics. Provides students with advanced work in preference theory, welfare inference, intertemporal choice, human capital, and theories of unemployment.

Instructor(s): D. Black     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 32311. Discussion: Advanced Microeconomics for Public Policy I. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Advanced Microeconomics for Public Policy I. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 32400. Principles of Microeconomics and Public Policy II. 100 Units.

A continuation of Public Policy 32300, this course introduces the role of government in the economic system, explores market failures that undermine the useful characteristics of the competitive market, and considers the role of government in these failures. Issues of equity and efficiency and the governments role in influencing the distribution of income are explored. Important economic concepts in policy analysis such as time discounting, opportunities costs, and decision-making under uncertainty are also featured. Differential calculus is used extensively throughout this course. Required of all first-year students.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 32401. Discussion: Principles: Microeconomics/Public Policy II. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Principles:Microeconomics / Public Policy II. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 32410. Advanced Microeconomics for Public Policy II. 100 Units.

This class builds on some of the concepts learned in Micro I to study at a deeper level a variety of topics relevant to students of public policy. The class will build foundations for understanding risk, uncertainty, and market failures in the provision of public goods, externalities, and due to information asymmetries. Throughout the course, examples of how policy makers grapple with the theoretical issues will be discussed.

Instructor(s): Gallen, Y     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 32411. Discussion: Advanced Microeconomics for Public Policy II. 000 Units.

This is a non-credit discussion for Advanced Microeconomics for Public Policy II. Students must register a lecture and discussion for the course.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 32510. Environment, Agriculture, and Food: Economic and Policy Analysis. 100 Units.

The connections between environment, agriculture, and food are inherent in our social, cultural, and economic networks. Land use, natural resource management, energy balances, and environmental impacts are all important components in the evolution of agricultural systems. Therefore it is important to develop ways in which to understand these connections in order to design effective agricultural programs and policies. This course is designed to provide students with guidance on the models and tools needed to conduct an economic research study on the intersecting topics of environment, agriculture, and food. Students learn how to develop original research ideas using a quantitative and applied economic policy analysis for professional and scholarly audiences. Students collect, synthesize, and analyze data using economic and statistical tools. Students provide outcomes and recommendations based on scholarly, objective, and policy relevant research rather than on advocacy or opinions, and produce a final professional-quality report for a workshop presentation and publication. This small seminar course is open by instructor consent to undergraduate and graduate students who meet the prerequisites. For consideration, please submit a one-page proposal of research to pge@uchicago.edu.

Instructor(s): S. Shaikh     Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): ECON 20000 or ECON 20100 or PBPL 20000 or PBPL 22200 (or equivalent), STAT 22000 or STAT 23400 or PBPL 26400 (or equivalent); for ECON Enrollment: ECON 20000 and ECON 20100, STAT 23400
Equivalent Course(s): PBPL 26530, ECON 26530, ENST 26530

PPHA 32520. Environment, Agriculture, and Food: Advanced Economic and Policy Analysis. 100 Units.

This course is an extension of ENST 26530 but also stands alone as a complete course itself. Students don't need to take ENST 26530 to enroll in this course. This small seminar course is open by instructor consent to undergraduate and graduate students who meet the prerequisites. For consideration, please submit a one-page proposal of research to pge@uchicago.edu.

Instructor(s): S. Shaikh     Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): ECON 20000 or ECON 20100 or PBPL 20000 or PBPL 22200 (or equivalent), STAT 22000 or STAT 23400 or PBPL 26400 (or equivalent); for ECON Enrollment: ECON 20000 and ECON 20100, STAT 23400
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 26540, PBPL 26531, ENST 26531

PPHA 32530. Fundamentals of Municipal Bonds. 100 Units.

This course will provide students with an overview of the municipal bond market and how it facilitates the development of infrastructure needed for economic development and the provision of public services. There are close to $2.6 trillion dollars in outstanding bonds in this market. Of 87,500 state and local governments in the U.S., 55,000 have bonds outstanding. Each year 10,000 new issues of municipal bonds come to market valued on average at $350 billion a year. All of this helps states, cities, counties, and not for profit organizations such as universities and hospitals fund capital assets including roads, bridges, water and sewer plants, airports, and school buildings. Students will come to understand: the continuum of a bond sale from government to end investor; who the key players are in the process; how credit ratings and credit analysis is performed; the public policy drivers of capital investment; the regulatory policy framework relating to the bond industry; and what sort of career opportunities are available for Public Policy Graduate Students. The course will have a text book supplemented by articles and industry reports. Attendance will be critical. The course will have a mid-term and final oriented toward providing a work product that would actually be utilized in the municipal bond industry. Guest speakers will also be utilized from time to time.

Instructor(s): Belsky, M

PPHA 32735. African Development. 100 Units.

This class provides an introduction to, and interpretation of the social scientific and historical research on African development. The focus is on economic and political development in the longue durée and trying to understand how Africa fits into the comparative picture. The focus of much research on contemporary African development is of course on poverty, famine, civil war and the immense economic challenges that the continent has faced since independence. We shall study these and their roots and also many of the political correlates that go along with them, such as the weakness of African states, their corruption and problems of autocracy and democracy. But to get a deep understanding of these phenomena entails understanding Africa society, how it is organized, why it is organized as it is, and how it has come into collision with global forces in the past 500 years.

Instructor(s): Robinson, J     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 32740. Order and Violence. 100 Units.

Most countries in the world have been independent for about 50 years. Some are peaceful and have prospered, while some remain poor, war-torn, or both. What explains why some countries have succeeded while others remain poor, violent, and unequal? Moreover, fifty years on, a lot of smart people are genuinely surprised that these countries' leaders have not been able to make more progress in implementing good policies. If there are good examples to follow, why haven't more countries followed these examples into peace and prosperity? Finally, we see poverty and violence despite 50 years of outside intervention. Shouldn't foreign aid, democracy promotion, peacekeeping, and maybe even military intervention have promoted order and growth? If not why not, and what should we do about it as citizens? This class is going to try to demystify what's going on. There are good explanations for violence and disorder. There are some good reasons leaders don't make headway, bureaucrats seem slothful, and programs get perverted. The idea is to talk about the political, economic, and natural logics that lead to function and dysfunction.

Instructor(s): Blattman, C     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): PLSC 32740

PPHA 32750. Hydropolitics: Water Policy and Conflict. 100 Units.

Water resources are increasingly contested in nearly all parts of the world. Available freshwater supplies have declined nearly 40% since 1970, and the UN predicts that, by 2025, 1.8 billion people will not have sufficient water to meet all of their daily needs. Water conflict is essentially a political problem because it reflects normative disagreements about who has the authority to define its value and appropriate uses. This course examines conflict over water and policy efforts to deal with inter-sectoral competition, international allocation, and the diplomatic and economic consequences of water resource depletion. The course begins with a discussion of water's status as an object of policy-as property, a commodity, entitlement, and natural good. It then turns to a series of policy challenges in context including agricultural water use, allocation treaties, development disputes, and preventing humanitarian crises. No knowledge of water policy is presumed, and students will leave the course with the issue background necessary to pursue more focused research projects in water policy topics.

Instructor(s): Tiboris, M     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 32810. Winning Issue Campaigns. 100 Units.

Change does not roll in on the wheels of inevitability, but comes through continuous struggle." These words of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. were never more true than in today's gridlocked American political system. Smart public policy doesn't pass and implement itself - it comes as a result of well planned, hard fought, strategic issue campaigns, many of which span years and even decades. This course will teach students the theory and practice of strategic issue campaigns, from setting campaign objectives and targeting decision makers to planning effective tactics, designing a message frame, and winning the support of those who can further the cause. This course counts toward the Political Campaigns Certificate.

Instructor(s): M. Batzel     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 33230. Inequality: Theory, Methods and Evidence. 100 Units.

This course will explore the theory, methodology and evidence of economic inequality.

Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 34930

PPHA 33420. Contemporary US Intelligence. 100 Units.

The course examines the U.S. Intelligence Community and its role in national security. It will analyze the intelligence cycle including planning and direction, collection, processing, analysis and dissemination. It will also focus on topics such as warning and surprise, denial and deception, covert action, oversight and the role of policy makers, civil liberties, ethics and accountability and intelligence reform. It will also compare the organization and activities of foreign intelligence agencies with the U.S. model. Many of these topics will be analyzed through the context of current events including the congressional investigation into Russia's interference with the 2016 presidential election. The course will also feature high ranking current and former intelligence officials as guest speakers. No prior study of intelligence issues is required.

Instructor(s): Quigley, M     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 33510. Nuclear Policy. 100 Units.

While issues arising from technologies that have both military and civilian applications are not new, the nearly incomprehensible destruction from exploding nuclear weapons focuses the mind as few other dual-use technologies can. This course will examine the development of national policies and the international regimes on the uses of nuclear energy. We will review military doctrine and the plans for nuclear war-fighting as well as the effects on societies of developing and using nuclear weapons. We will review the history of international proliferation of nuclear technology and fissile material and examine efforts to curtail the spread of weapons. In the second part of the course, we will focus on the development of civilian nuclear power and on current policy to prevent accidents and dispose of nuclear waste materials. Political leaders often face policy dilemmas because nuclear technology and materials offer great benefit, as well as presenting great danger. We will explore these dilemmas throughout the course.

Instructor(s): Benedict, K     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 33540. Contentious Policy Making. 100 Units.

This course explores avenues to influence public policy beyond the routine means of voting and elections, through disruptive methods. These methods include demonstrations, boycotts, strikes, social movements and revolutions, as well as foreign interventions, sanctions, and war. We discuss a variety of movements and conflicts, including the Civil Rights Movement and the Women's Suffrage Movement in the United States, the American and Iranian Revolutions, and the Middle East conflicts. We explore the role of social movement organizations, ideologies, culture, information technology, leaders, tactical innovations and adaptation, and strategic decision-making in the political processes of contentious policy making.

Instructor(s): Shadmehr, M     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 33611. Foundations of Social Entrepreneurship. 100 Units.

This course specifically focuses on social business models spanning non-profit organizations, non-government organizations, hybrid enterprises and socially responsible for-profit businesses. The course takes a global perspective, focusing on organizations and ventures in both the US and abroad. Through course readings, case studies, articles and guest presenters, students will be exposed to the various approaches to social entrepreneurship and the strengths and weaknesses of different models and strategies, and the leadership characteristics required to found, build and run a successful social enterprise.

Instructor(s): Gossin, W.     Terms Offered: Autumn
Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 43610

PPHA 33620. Leading with Innovation. 100 Units.

This course will train students in how to initiate strategic innovation within large organizations (especially nonprofits and government). It is intended for students who want to build a career in organizational strategy and innovation in any sector, but specifically within an existing organization (not as founder of a new one). This course will teach a skillset, mindset, and team-based model for evolving and deploying innovation approaches within social sector organizations. Having learned this approach, students will address challenges in Chicago in a fast-paced, rotating team structure. Demands for out of class work will be high. Throughout the course, students will engage in strategic conversations on themes surrounding innovation including: the inclusion of data and AI systems, public-private partnerships, technology modernizations, and disruptive service contexts (healthcare, education, security, etc). We'll discuss how each of these conditions requires adapting the deployment of innovation practices and how to adapt strategies within such contexts.

Instructor(s): Gossin, W     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 33650. Corporate Governance. 75-100 Units.

Through the production of goods and services, innovation, employment and occasional misbehavior, publicly-held corporations in the U.S. exert an enormous impact on the lives of individuals and the economy in general. How (and how well) corporations are governed greatly influences what that impact will be. Since the early 1990s, there has been a significant increase in the attention given to corporate governance by investors, lawyers, academicians, politicians and the press. This seminar will provide students with a deep understanding of applicable legal, regulatory and market influences on corporate governance, an appreciation for the historical development of the current system of governance and insights into current “hot” issues and the continuing evolution of governance. We will discuss critical issues such as for whose benefit is a corporation to be governed and what is the proper balance of decision-making authority between owners and managers. There will be a heavy emphasis on the role of counsel to the enterprise as a whole and on the practical aspects of advising officers and directors, including the coordination of multi-disciplinary teams.

Equivalent Course(s): ECON 39820

PPHA 33820. Democracy Hacked: Cyber Threats to Modern Governments n the Digital Age. 100 Units.

This course is designed to offer students an overview of the current cybersecurity landscape and the corresponding human rights implications. Students will hear first-hand insider perspectives from public and private sector cyber professionals and international experts across the cybersecurity and human rights fields. Divided into 3 parts, students will gain insight on Cyber Security Technology, Protecting Citizens From Governments Online, and Combating Cyber Predators.

Instructor(s): Braun, J     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 33910. Digital Media in Policy and Politics: Practices, Problems and Policy Issues. 100 Units.

This course will teach students a theoretical framework for understanding digital media and communications, examining historical and modern examples of powerful messaging across politics, government, and issue-based organizations.

Instructor(s): Temple, R     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 34241. Household Finance: Theory and Applications. 100 Units.

This course will examine the choices households make about important financial decisions and how these individual choices can impact the aggregate economy. Each week, basic predictions from economic theory will be discussed and compared with empirical findings. Topics will include: asset market participation and household portfolio choice; human capital and student loans; housing and mortgages; retirement planning; credit card debt; payday loans; and the gig/sharing economy. Focus will also be placed on government policies affecting these topics, including so-called household financial engineering, the creation of Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs) like "Fannie" and "Freddie," and regulatory agencies like the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). Students are expected to read assigned papers. Additional assignments include problem sets, an in-class presentation, and a replication and extension exercise of a published paper. These assignments will require students to work in R, Stata or other statistical package of the student's choice.

Terms Offered: Spring
Note(s): Koustas, D

PPHA 34410. Corporate Finance. 100 Units.

This course presents an introduction to the principles of corporate finance and its applications. These principles are critical to understanding the nature of how corporations and many government entities present their financial condition, finance themselves and manage their financial risks. The course will examine corporate structure, evaluation of new projects, financial planning and governance. There will be considerable attention to the analysis of financial statements and understanding free cash flow. The role of interest rates and the time value of money will be presented with many applications project evaluation and financing alternatives. The Modigliani and Miller theorems will be presented with their application to common corporate finance problems. The role of equity, bonds and loans in the capital structure will then be discussed. Finally, the course will introduce the role of corporate governance regarding financial matters.

Instructor(s): Schabes, D      Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 34500. Macroeconomics for Public Policy. 100 Units.

This course examines the working of the aggregate economy. It aims to understand the key determinants of business cycle fluctuations and of long-run economic development. This includes coverage of the role of employment, productivity, trade and fiscal deficits, inflation, and interest rates. The emphasis of the course is on the impact of monetary and fiscal policies on the macro economy. Students will be able to analyze and discuss important current economic issues, such as government spending and tax reforms, Social Security reforms, the conduct of monetary policy, and the impact of changing economic conditions around the world.

Instructor(s): Sullivan, D     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 34600. Program Evaluation. 100 Units.

This course introduces you to the tools used by social scientists and policymakers to evaluate the impact of government policies. The courses objective is to teach you how to use these tools well enough to feel comfortable evaluating the quality of program evaluations that you are likely to review during your careers. The course begins by examining the elements of a cost/benefit analysis. Some of the principles we discuss during this part of the course are identical to those used by managers in a private firm when they consider whether to invest in new plant or equipment, to train their workers, or to initiate new human resource practices. But it also is important to recognize the differences between cost-benefit analyses of social programs and of private sector investments. Here we examine how the concepts of consumer and producer surplus discussed in your economics courses guide us in formulating evaluation questions and choosing appropriate outcome measures. Most of the course examines the strategies for evaluating the impact that government policies have on alternative outcomes. The key question here is what would have been the outcome had individuals, neighborhoods, state, etc., not been exposed to the policy. The impact of the policy is the difference between the actual outcome and this counterfactual outcome. Much social science research demonstrates that obtaining credible estimates of these impacts can be difficult. During this part of the course, we discuss how to plausibly address some of the more common difficulties encountered by program evaluators.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring Winter
Prerequisite(s): PPHA 31000 or 31200 or 31202 or STAT 24400 and PPHA 31100 or 31102 or 31300 or 31302 or 42000 or equivalent statistics coursework.

PPHA 34799. Race, Politics, and the Press in Chicago. 100 Units.

This course will examine the history of the African American press, especially The Chicago Defender, a newspaper which spanned the technological and political transformations of the 20th Century media. Founded as a weekly in 1905, The Defender became Black America's first national communications vehicle using newly available mass printing machines as well as page design techniques pioneered by Hearst and Pulitzer. The news pages exposed the horrors of Jim Crow, while editorials inspired millions to come to Northern cities in what became known as the Great Migration. The Defender and its cohort, including The Pittsburgh Courier, wielded substantial political clout, providing the swing votes that elected Harry S. Truman and John F. Kennedy to the Presidency. But as the century wore on, black newspapers had to compete for audience as well as staff against a multitude of print, broadcast and, ultimately, on-line options. Taught by the author of the award-winning non-fiction book about The Defender, himself a veteran of the newspaper, the course includes guest lectures, field trips, and references to the substantial scholarship of the history of the South Side. There are no prerequisites.

Instructor(s): Michaeli, E     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 35221. Family Law. 100 Units.

Equivalent Course(s): GNSE 45001, SSAD 69002

PPHA 35240. Education in Developing Contexts. 100 Units.

This course covers policy issues related to education in developing contexts. We will analyze education policies and reforms from an economic perspective, review relevant research on each topic, and examine implications of the findings to policy and practice. Topics include understanding factors that influence educational decisions, provision of basic needs in schools, teacher pay and incentives, school choice, early childhood education, and education in emergency settings.

Instructor(s): A. Adukia     Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 35245. Violence in the Early Years. 100 Units.

This course will address issues related to children's exposure to violence. Classes will cover topics including, but not limited to, the history of violence against children (infanticide, etc), children's literature, parental violence towards children, school-related violence, practices such as female genital mutilation, and other policy-relevant issues related to violence in children's lives. We will analyze policies and reforms, review relevant research on each topic, and examine implications of the findings to policy and practice.

Instructor(s): A. Adukia     Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 35302. International Trade: Theory, Evidence, and Policy. 100 Units.

This course on international trade will be divided into two parts. In the first part, the course will cover theoretical and empirical research on international trade, thus providing the students with the analytical tools needed to address trade-policy problems and challenges. In the second part, the students will be faced with specific real-world trade-policy problems on which they will have to make policy analysis and prepare policy recommendations for policy-makers or a policy-oriented audience. The objective of the course is thus twofold. On one hand, the students will be equipped with the analytical frameworks necessary to think about trade policy problems and challenges. On the other hand, the course will prepare the students to formulate evidence-backed policy recommendations and present them in a persuasive way, thus developing professional skills needed in policy-making contexts. The list of topics covered by the course may include: gains from trade, winners and losers, trade and distribution, trade and growth, trade and the labor market, instruments of trade policy, political economy of trade policy, trade policy as industrial policy, the world trading system. Suggested prerequisites: an understanding of intermediate-level microeconomic theory.

Instructor(s): Espinsosa, F     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 35310. International Trade, Banking and Capital Markets. 100 Units.

Over the past 50 years, the markets for goods and services have become dramatically globalized. The internationalization of financial markets and the liberalization of trade have been critical to this growth. In contrast to a few decades ago, today's companies manage global supply chains and investment capital moves quickly from market to market. International Trade, Banking and Capital Markets is an introduction to the drivers of and issues behind these changes.This co does not assume an extensive knowledge of economics. Topics covered begin with the gains from trade, the domestic instruments of trade policy such as tariffs and treaties, as well as international trade bodies including the World Trade Organization. The course will then move on to how trade is conducted between companies in different countries, covering topics such as foreign exchange, trade documentation and instruments used to guarantee payment. The course will then cover aspects of international banking, including the cross-border provision of corporate and investment banking, as well as investment management services. The growth of international banking out of trade finance and the international expansion of domestic businesses will be presented along with the issues these developments created.

Instructor(s): Shabes, D     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 35311. International Trade Law. 100 Units.

This course focuses on the law governing international trade. It will specifically focus on the laws established by the World Trade Organization. This will include an in-depth analysis of the treaties, regulations, and case law that govern international trade. The course will both cover the basic principles governing trade law, as well as the trade laws governing intellectual property, environmental regulation, food safety, trade in services, and technical standards. The course will also examine the implication of the international trading regime for developing countries, and the political economy of trade negotiations.

Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 35501. Poverty and Economic Development. 100 Units.

This course will focus on developing countries. We will study causes of poverty and underdevelopment, poverty measurement issues, and policies to improve wellbeing. We will concentrate on topics such as nutrition and health, education, labor markets, intra-household allocation of resources, and policies to alleviate poverty. Empirical evidence from developing economies will be used extensively.

Instructor(s): A. Menendez     Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 35550. Economic Development and Policy. 100 Units.

The history, current pattern, and causes of the distribution of the wealth of nations remains one of the most fascinating and fundamental of all questions in economics and policy. This course will attempt to give an overview of economic growth and development, focusing on real-world data, by looking at the empirical and theoretical research that has been used to understand them and subsequently form the basis of development policies. The course is divided into three major sections: measuring and modeling growth and development, human capital, and markets. Throughout the quarter, we'll explore sets of "development facts" - the way that the world currently appears to us as policy-makers - by looking at contemporary data. For each topic, we will discuss contemporary methodology and debates in development policy.

Instructor(s): Jina, A     Terms Offered: Spring Winter

PPHA 35555. Political Development and Policy. 100 Units.

What explains why some countries enjoy growing economies, more order, and greater freedom, while other countries remain poor, violent, or unfree. This course will examine why some countries have moved along a path of "political development" while others have not, analyzing subtopics such as leadership, foreign aid, democracy promotion, military intervention, etc. This course will use theory and history to understand the political, economic, and other social scientific logics that lead to function and dysfunction.

Instructor(s): Deniz, E     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 35560. Conflict and Humanitarian Intervention: Blurring Humanitarian, Development, and Security Policy. 100 Units.

Humanitarian intervention has changed considerably over the last 20 years. Previously 80% of humanitarian funds went to natural disasters; now 80% of humanitarian funds are allocated towards relief in conflict zones. This raises questions about how humanitarian interventions need to shift. Initially, humanitarian principles were instituted to ensure aid was used for life saving purposes, and not to support governments or a country's foreign policy goals. While there was always some blurring, the lines between humanitarian, development and security policy began to blur to a greater degree during the Balkan wars; after 9/11, the lines became ever more faint, creating significant debates about civilian-military relations. Post-Syria there are questions if there are even lines anymore. In this course, we will examine this evolution, where aid, both humanitarian and development, is used to a greater degree in support of a country's security policy. We will examine how this has changed the nature of these programs, how it affects the ability of governments and INGOs to operate in these environments, and the moral and ethical dilemmas that arise.

Instructor(s): Wolfe, R     Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 35565. Infrastructure and Development. 100 Units.

This course will examine the role of infrastructure as a foreign policy tool, both historically as in the case of the Marshall Plan and contemporarily as in the case of the Belt and Road Initiative. This course will give particular attention to infrastructure development in Africa.

Instructor(s): Moore, G     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 35570. Translating Evidence for Policy and Program Design. 100 Units.

While there is demand for evidence-based policy and programs, there is often a gap between generating evidence and then incorporating it into policy and programs. In this course, we will examine how to better translate evidence for policy makers to use. How to evaluate the evidence that is out there? How to decide on evaluation methods? How to synthesize evidence, and then what to do with it, especially when there are mixed or null results? How to construct a program or policy based on good evidence? Or design a policy or program when there are evidence gaps? In the course, we'll also look at barriers to using evidence, even when it does exist (e.g., community driven development; vocational training). Over the term, students will be exposed to evidence on a wide range of development topics, including: cash, education, food security, governance and violence prevention.

Instructor(s): Wolfe, R     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 35580. Doing Business in Africa. 100 Units.

This course will give an overview of key trends in the region (economic/political/demographic) to provide a frame as to how to think about Africa's dynamic economic potential and diverse investment climates. It will include a focus on geopolitics, including how China's involvement in Africa affects the landscape (including opportunities for American and other companies, etc.). There will be heavy emphasis on navigating political and policy risk (how to assess and mitigate the challenges related to governance, corruption, rule of law, etc. as they relate to doing business in emerging markets).

Terms Offered: Spring
Note(s): Harris, G

PPHA 35590. Global Governance. 100 Units.

This course provides a detailed survey of global governance in both scholarship and policy. We will work together to understand the major players in international politics, and how they do (or do not) work together to govern issues of international concern. In particular, we will investigate the following players in global governance: individuals, states, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations and analyze how these actors impact, and produce, one key concept in international cooperation today: security.

Instructor(s): Jones, K     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 35801. Political Economy of Cities. 100 Units.

An introduction to political economy and policymaking in large U.S. cities and metropolitan areas. The course examines the institutional, economic, political, and demographic settings that distinguish urban policymaking. We begin by analyzing the institutions of local government and their role in the federal system, the sources of urban growth, competition among cities, and the importance of real estate markets in shaping local politics. We next study several specific urban issues including concentrated poverty, racial conflict, housing, governmental fragmentation, and sprawl. Although the course will focus on large central cities, we will pay attention to the suburbanization of population and employment, politics in suburbia, and city-suburb relations. Finally, students will be introduced to the latest research on social interactions in cities, with a focus on social capital, neighborhood and peer effects, and human capital spillovers.

Instructor(s): Ierulli, K     Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 36012. Budgeting for State and Local Governments. 100 Units.

This course is designed to test the thesis that good budgeting in the public sector incorporates all of the skills developed in public policy programs: policy analysis, analytics (economics, other quantitative evaluation), program design, implementation of policy and programs, decision-making, priority setting, anticipating and reacting to political dynamics, working with the press, writing, working under pressure, and preparing presentations, among others. The course will provide an introduction to the major substantive areas of state budgets, including education (higher education and preschool, elementary and secondary education), Medicaid, pensions, human services, and capital budgeting, along with revenue projecting, debt issuance, and budget balancing.

Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 36055. Accounting for State and Local Government. 100 Units.

This course is a companion course to Budgeting for State and Local Governments. This course will discuss accounting fundamentals for students interested in Municipal Finance.

Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 36101. Financial Investments for Public Policy. 100 Units.

Central banks, Treasury departments, the IMF, and sovereign wealth funds use financial data and tools to inform their decisions. This class covers the main concepts of finance theory for stocks, bonds, and investment portfolios and applies them in the public policy context. Topics covered include the following: present value, real and nominal interest rates, optimal portfolio choice, Value-at-Risk and Growth-at-Risk, risk and return, the Capital Asset Pricing Model, performance evaluation, market efficiency, and return predictability.

Instructor(s): Pfleuger, C     Terms Offered: Autumn
Note(s): Students should not take PPHA 36101 and PPHA 42510 - Applied Financial Management.

PPHA 36410. Epidemiology and Population Health. 100 Units.

This course does not meet requirements for the biological sciences major. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health and disease in human populations. This course introduces the basic principles of epidemiologic study design, analysis, and interpretation through lectures, assignments, and critical appraisal of both classic and contemporary research articles.

Instructor(s): D. Lauderdale     Terms Offered: Autumn
Prerequisite(s): STAT 22000 or other introductory statistics highly desirable. For BIOS students-completion of the first three quarters of a Biological Sciences Fundamentals sequence.
Equivalent Course(s): ENST 27400, STAT 22810, HLTH 20910, PBHS 30910

PPHA 36701. Poverty Inequality & Welfare St. 100 Units.

Poverty and inequality create critical challenges for contemporary democratic societies. This seminar examines responses to these conditions in the U.S. and compares its responses to those of other countries. This examination includes consideration of the relationship between politics and policymaking, the character of public debates about poverty and inequality, conflict over the state's role in responding to these conditions, and specific efforts to address these conditions through public policy instruments. The seminar brings both historical and international perspectives to bear, taking up selected examples that highlight how political responses to poverty and inequality vary over time and in different national settings. It also draws attention to the strategic implications for policymaking and practice.

Equivalent Course(s): HMRT 30401, SSAD 60400, SSAD 20400

PPHA 36800. Higher Education and Public Policy. 100 Units.

We are at a vital moment in American history in which the importance of access to and success in higher education has entered the political discourse on a national scale. Several states have proposed or passed "free college" plans. Total outstanding student loan debt has grown to over $1.5 trillion, surpassing in volume all other forms of debt except home loans. In addition, the most significant piece of higher education legislation at the federal level (the Higher Education Act) is overdue for reauthorization. As the area of public policy for higher education has seen growing public discussion and concern, it has been accompanied by important policy innovations in recent years. This course will explore many of the public policies through which federal, state, and local governments in the US address higher education. We will also consider how public policy for higher education differs cross-nationally. Each week will include a discussion of recent trends, policy-relevant academic scholarship, theoretical models, and policy innovations for higher education. In addition, students will have the opportunity to engage with the course material through in-class discussions and exercises.

Instructor(s): Delaney, J     Terms Offered: Winter
Note(s): Suggested prerequisites: PPHA 32300 and PPHA 31002 or equivalent coursework in statistics and economic theory.

PPHA 36921. Energy Economics and Policy. 100 Units.

This course provides an overview of the economic, technological, and political forces that shape the global energy industry, the methods governments use to regulate the industry, and the business models that emerge. The course begins by framing the industry in its microeconomic context and uses that framework to explore the role of technology and innovation, global markets and geopolitics, and the regulation of externalities including climate change. The readings and coursework will use specific examples from the power, renewables, oil & gas, and environmental sectors from the United States and other select geographies to illustrate these forces in context. Students can tailor their final policy memo towards their topics of interest.

Instructor(s): Steele, D     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 36922. Energy in the Developing World. 100 Units.

There is a remarkably clear relationship between the national income of countries across the globe and their energy consumption. The developed world uses more electricity. Meanwhile developing countries consume orders of magnitude less. Even today, there are about as many people alive who do not use electricity to light their homes as there were when Edison invented the light bulb. This course examines the nature of the energy-development relationship and selectively reviews recent research to investigate topics such as how access to electricity influences welfare, the reasons why many rural households lack power, whether decentralized renewables truly represent a solution to the energy access problem, the nature of consumer demand for electricity, and how social norms influence electricity markets in the developing world. Developing country settings are frequently characterized by dysfunctional domestic energy markets, high theft, low state capacity, widespread rationing, and subsidized tariffs. We will investigate how policy is framed in these settings and what we know about the factors that determine electricity supply and demand. The course includes space for detailed discussions with policy-makers to understand how energy policy is framed in practice and the extent to which academic research interacts with, and informs, state decision-making.

Instructor(s): Sudarshan, A     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 36930. Environmental Economics: Theory and Applications. 100 Units.

This course presents a broad based introduction to the theory and application of environmental economics. Topics are introduced in the context of real world environmental policy questions (with special emphasis on energy policy), then translated in to microeconomic theory to highlight the salient constraints and fundamental tradeoffs faced by policymakers. Topics include property rights, externalities, Pigouvian taxes, command and control regulation, cap and trade, valuation of environmental quality, cost benefit analysis, policymaking under uncertainty, and interregional competition.

Instructor(s): Cicala, S     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 36941. Strategic Behavior and Regulation of Firms. 100 Units.

Firm behavior is a critical aspect of any market-oriented economy. What strategies can firms employ to improve their bottom-lines, and when should regulators intervene? This course will address these questions using recent regulatory case studies, economic modeling, and a hands-on business strategy game.

Instructor(s): Baird, K     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 37003. Territorial Identities, State Formation, and the Experience of Modernity in the Iberian World. 100 Units.

During the last twenty years, scholars interested in the history of the crisis of the Spanish Monarchy focused on the development of the idea of nation and nationhood in the Spanish and Portuguese Atlantic. Criticizing the idea of the birth of post-colonial Latin American republics as the triumph of a national sentiment, historians reconceptualized the nation as a result of the imperial crisis. However, considerably less attention has been paid to the parallel process of state building in the Iberian World. This course will offer an introductory overview of the process that led from imperial monarchy to national republics from the point of view of statehood formation. It will focus on the complexity of the process of emancipation as a transition from monarchical tutorship to the birth of modern "Administración," while also addressing territorial identities as forms of non-national self-recognition that transited from colonial monarchy to post-colonial state.

Instructor(s): J. Portillo Valdés     Terms Offered: Winter
Equivalent Course(s): HIST 36221, LACS 35120, HIST 26221, LACS 25120

PPHA 37103. Crime Prevention. 100 Units.

The goals of this course are to introduce students to some key concepts in crime policy and help develop their policy analysis skills, including the ability to frame problems and policy alternatives, think critically about empirical evidence, use cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis to compare policy alternatives, and write effective policy memos. The course seeks to develop these skills by considering the relative efficacy of different policy approaches to controlling crime including imprisonment, policing, drug regulation, and gun-oriented regulation or enforcement, as well as education, social programs, and active labor market policies that may influence people's propensity to commit crime or be victims of crime. While policy choices about punishment and crime prevention involve a range of legal and normative considerations, the focus in this class will be mostly on answering positive (factual) questions about the consequences of different policies.

Instructor(s): Ludwig, J     Terms Offered: Autumn
Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 63200

PPHA 37106. Police Reform and Police Legitimacy. 100 Units.

This course introduces students to concept of legitimacy in policing and the related reform efforts implemented in police departments throughout the United States in recent years. Policing in the United States is in the midst of a period of intense public scrutiny and transformation. Incidents of excessive police use of force and counter protests in Ferguson, New York City, Chicago, and elsewhere have strained police-community relations across the country and sparked polarized political reactions. New technological capabilities have increased public expectations of transparency and efficiency in policing while raising concerns about privacy and due process rights. The Obama Administration Department of Justice launched federal investigations and demanded court-enforced reforms to many municipal police departments, then the Trump Administration Department of Justice rolled back federal oversight of police where it could. This course will equip students to understand the issues at stake in the contemporary policy debates surrounding policing and the foundational scholarly knowledge underpinning those debates.

Instructor(s): Owens, R     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 37110. Competition Policy: Theory and Practice. 100 Units.

This course presents an economic analysis of monopoly power and efforts to limit monopoly power through competition policy. The course will focus on helping students understand the theoretical rationale for competition policy and on providing students with an understanding of the practice of competition policy by examining recent prominent public and private antitrust actions. The first part of the course is devoted to an economic analysis of the welfare implications of monopoly power. The second part provides an overview of the legal and institutional framework of competition policy enforcement with particular emphasis on how the framework differs between the US and the EU and other countries. The final part of the course will address three types of anticompetitive conduct that represent the bulk of competition policy enforcement: collusion, exclusive contracting, and horizontal and vertical mergers. This section will present detailed studies of recent antitrust actions in the US including the US case against Microsoft and the Whole Foods and Wild Oats merger.

Instructor(s): Durkin, S     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 37225. Chicago by Design. 100 Units.

This course examines the theory and practice of urban design at the scale of block, street and building - the pedestrian realm. Topics include walkability, the design of streets, architectural style and its effect on pedestrian experience, safety and security in relation to accessibility and social connection, concepts of urban fabric, repair and placemaking, the regulation of urban form, and the social implications of civic spaces. Students will analyze normative principles and the debates that surround them through readings and discussion as well as first hand interaction with the urbanism of Chicago.

Instructor(s): E. Talen     Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): Offered at the Graduate level only
Equivalent Course(s): GEOG 34300, SOSC 36003

PPHA 37230. Seminar in City Planning. 100 Units.

This is a graduate seminar devoted to the topic of city planning history. Through visual and textual analysis, we will explore the history of physical plans, drawing from all time periods and cultures. Students will have the opportunity to contrast competing theories of good city-making, relating cultural and temporal variations to social, political, cultural and economic forces. Students will also explore the question of plan implementation and whether plans have had any tangible effect on urban pattern and form.

Instructor(s): E. Talen     Terms Offered: Autumn
Equivalent Course(s): GEOG 36005, SOSC 36005

PPHA 37300. Health Law And Policy. 100 Units.

This course will explore various policies that underlie regulation of the provision of health care in the United States. We will begin with an examination of the principal government programs for financing the delivery of health care in America Medicare and Medicaid. This first third of the course will focus on how these programs seek to resolve the tension between controlling costs, promoting quality, and assuring access. We will then move to a consideration of policy issues relating to managed care organizations, including the functioning of these organizations and the impact of ERISA on their actions. Next, we will explore issues relating to the behavior of physicians, hospitals, and nursing homes. This exploration will focus on the impact of the antitrust, labor, and tax laws on these entities.

Instructor(s): Berig, J     Terms Offered: Autumn
Equivalent Course(s): MEDC 79000

PPHA 37302. Key Issues in Healthcare: An Interdisciplinary Case Studies Approach. 100 Units.

This is a capstone course for the graduate program in health administration and policy. The course will explore how to approach persistent administrative and policy problems from an interdisciplinary approach. It will draw from the disciplinary skills and knowledge of students in the course and challenge students to use that knowledge in collaborative and creative ways to solve real world problems. Students will take on an administrative, strategy, or policy problem in interdisciplinary teams. Building on each disciplinary strength--social welfare frameworks, policy analysis, and business (management, financial, etc.) strategy--students will provide an action plan and set of recommendations to approach the health problem. Topics will be chosen by students, but provided by instructor. Course will examine numerous case studies of interdisciplinary projects and consider how common challenges and pitfalls can be avoided.

Instructor(s): Staff     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 46622

PPHA 37401. Organizations, Management, and Social Policy. 100 Units.

The public's business is often performed by street-level bureaucracies, those public and private organizations directly responsible for policy delivery. This course examines how these complex organizations operate in a dynamic political environment and what that means for social policy. This course introduces students to alternative models for analyzing these types of organizations, using examples from a variety of social policy areas to assess organizational practices and management strategies. The course explores how organizations influence the production of social policy as well as the broader relationship between citizen and state.

Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 44612

PPHA 37411. Management Matters: Leadership, Strategy, and Getting Things Done. 100 Units.

More than ever before, the central role of a leader is to formulate objectives, organize to achieve those objectives, and convey such in a form attractive to employees and other stakeholders, whether investors, donors, customers, partners, or politicians. The leader and leadership team have point responsibility, but middle managers too are expected to play a role, and most certainly expected to shape their personal business responsibilities to broad organizational strategy. Leaders are less often trained to perform these responsibilities than they are simply expected to meet them. This course is about bringing people together to create and deliver value. It is about identifying opportunities, mobilizing resources around opportunities, and organizing to deliver on opportunities. In short: this course is about getting things done.

PPHA 37710. Medicaid: Understanding the Public Policy of a Federal-State Partnership. 100 Units.

This course will provide an understanding of the application of health policy and analysis through the lenses of the Medicaid program. The course will begin with an overview of health policy and public health policy analysis and evaluation as it relates to the administration of the Medicaid program, a federal-state partnership and the largest health insurance program in the U.S., covering millions of low-income individuals and families. State Medicaid programs have been an important locus of innovation and improvement in health care delivery and financing as well as health outcomes. This course will also provide in-depth view of Medicaid policies from birth to the end of life, covering maternal and child health, mental health, long-term care, among other topics. This will include highlights of many state program approaches and innovations with designing their programs, applying the policies and evaluating the outcomes.

Instructor(s): Latham, C     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 37720. Introduction to U.S. Health Policy and Politics. 100 Units.

The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the concepts needed to critically evaluate U.S. health policy issues. The course will 1) provide an overview of the U.S. health system including its institutions, stakeholders, and financing mechanisms, 2) describe the politics of health and illuminate how the structure of our political system shapes health policy outcomes, and 3) offer a framework for assessing the critical features central to health policy debates. Building upon this knowledge, the course will conclude with a discussion of strategies for influencing the health policy process and how they might be employed in future leadership roles within the health sector.

Instructor(s): Loren Saulsberry     Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): None
Equivalent Course(s): PBHS 35500, SSAD 45011, PBHS 28500, HLTH 25500

PPHA 37820. Health Care Markets and Regulation. 100 Units.

This course analyzes the economics of health care markets and the way regulations impact those markets. We will study the unique institutional arrangements found in the health care sector (primarily, though not exclusively, in the United States) and examine how market forces manifest themselves in this setting. We will consider the behavior of health care providers, insurers' roles both as intermediaries and risk managers, patients' health care demand, and geographic differences in medicine. The study of government regulations, including their theoretical and empirical impacts on health care markets, will be integrated throughout these topics.

Instructor(s): Gottlieb, J     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 38010. Health Services Research Methods. 100 Units.

The purpose of this course is to better acquaint students with the methodological issues of research design and data analysis widely used in empirical health services research. To deal with these methods, the course will use a combination of readings, lectures, problem sets (using STATA), and discussion of applications. The course assumes that students have had a prior course in statistics, including the use of linear regression methods.

Instructor(s): P. Sanghavi     Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): At least one course in linear regression and basic familiarity with STATA; or consent of instructor.
Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 46300, PBHS 35100, HLTH 29100

PPHA 38290. Introduction to Health Economics. 100 Units.

This course covers the foundations of the economics of health care. Content includes demand for health, medical care, and insurance; supply of medical care and behavior of health care practitioners; and economic perspectives on measurement in health care research. Using a combination of lectures, readings, and problem sets, the goal is for students to acquire a basic understanding of economic knowledge and thinking that can be applied to current challenges in health care policy and practice. The course is open to undergraduate and graduate students with at least one prior course in microeconomics.

Instructor(s): T. Konetzka     Terms Offered: Winter 2019-20
Prerequisite(s): Microeconomics course
Equivalent Course(s): HLTH 28010, PBHS 28010, PBHS 38010

PPHA 38300. Health Economics and Public Policy. 100 Units.

This course analyzes the economics of health and medical care in the United States with particular attention to the role of government. The first part of the course examines the demand for health and medical and the structure and the consequences of public and private insurance. The second part of the course examines the supply of medical care, including professional training, specialization and compensation, hospital competition, and finance and the determinants and consequences of technological change in medicine. The course concludes with an examination of recent proposals and initiatives for health care reform.

Instructor(s): Meltzer, D     Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): PBPL 20000 or ECON 20000 and one undergraduate course in quantitative research methods (Statistics or Econometrics) or the equivalent or consent of the instructor
Equivalent Course(s): PBPL 28300, CCTS 38300, PBHS 38300, ECON 27700

PPHA 38320. Health System Transformation. 100 Units.

The U.S. health care system is characterized by unsustainable costs, inconsistent quality, and unequal access. Health care leaders, managers and policy-makers must understand how to improve systems of care in a complex health care environment. This course will provoke critical thinking and address contemporary approaches to health care system change. Articles and case studies will be provided to illustrate how health care organizations improve quality, equity, and cost, and how policy incentivizes or hinders constructive system change. Examples will mainly be drawn from the health care field; however, system transformation knowledge is important for the business, non-profit, government, and social services sectors as well, and students from these disciplines may apply concepts taught in class to their sector interests. Students will reflect on their professional experience and internships and consider how systems around them can be improved. Students will review literature from a variety of academic and professional disciplines relating to health care quality, health equity, science of improvement, and transformation, and apply this knowledge to local, state, and national settings. Prerequisite - preferred but not required: The U.S. Health Care System, PPHA 37510/ SSAD 47512/HSTD 35411.

Instructor(s): Botwinick, L     Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): Recommended: PPHA 37510/ SSAD 47512/HSTD 35411

PPHA 38520. GIS Applications in the Social Sciences. 100 Units.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) refers to tools and techniques for handling, analyzing, and presenting spatial data. GIS has become a powerful tool for social sciences applications over the past thirty years, permitting lines of scientific inquiry that would not otherwise be possible. This course provides an introduction to GIS with a focus on how it may be applied to common needs in the social sciences, such as economics, sociology, and urban geography, as distinct from physical or environmental sciences. Students will learn basic GIS concepts as applied to specific research questions through lectures, lab exercises, and in-class demonstrations. Examples of the kinds of topics we will pursue include how we can use GIS to understand population trends, crime patterns, asthma incidence, and segregation in Chicago.

Instructor(s): English, N     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 38720. Urban Economics and Policy. 100 Units.

This course will discuss the policy implications of economic and financial decisions in urban governance.

Instructor(s): Ierulli, K     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 38740. Conflict: Root Causes, Consequences, and Solutions for the Future. 100 Units.

This course will examine why people fight, the effects of fighting, and possible solutions to prevent conflict in the future. The reasons people fight, and the ways in which they fight, depend on economics, politics and psychology; we will draw on all three disciplines throughout the course. Different forms of fighting, whether terrorism or civil wars, have typically been studied separately; we will bridge this divide and study them together, assessing common root causes and approaches for resolving these conflicts.

Instructor(s): Dube, O     Terms Offered: Winter
Equivalent Course(s): PLSC 38740

PPHA 38750. Refugees, Security and Forced Migration. 100 Units.

This course will explore the political economy of migration and security, drawing on literature from both political science and economics. The purpose of this course it to familiarize students with a selection of current, policy-relevant research on migration, focusing primarily on international migration and its implications for national security. Topics will include immigration and integration, strategic use of migration in foreign policy and war, links between mixed migration and transnational crime, and coordination across countries on asylum, borders and security. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the strategic incentives faced by migrants, policy makers and parties to war and linking these to realized policies and outcomes.

Instructor(s): Ross-Camarena, K     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 38751. Child Exploitation, Human Trafficking & the Supply Chain. 100 Units.

This seminar provides a comprehensive, practical introduction to the history and present-day reality of child sexual exploitation and trafficking, as well as to the interconnected web of domestic and transnational federal laws and law enforcement efforts launched in response to this global challenge. The class will use a text written by the professor and a colleague who have the distinctive perspective of two individuals who have spent their careers in the trenches investigating, prosecuting, and adjudicating these intricate and commonly emotional cases. The class will offer open debate about child sexual abuse by stripping it of its unhelpful, constricted definitions, and by candidly discussing the state of the law, the criminal justice process, and the treatment of offenders and victims.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 38752. International Human Rights. 100 Units.

This course is an introduction to international human rights law, covering the major instruments and institutions that operate on the international plane. It includes discussion of the conceptual underpinnings of human rights, the structure of the United Nations System, the major international treaties, regional human rights machinery, and the interplay of national and international systems in enforcing human rights. There are no prerequisites. Grading will be on the basis of a take-home exam at the end of the quarter. Students who wish to write, in lieu of the exam, a paper sufficient to satisfy the substantial writing requirement, may do so upon approval of the topic in advance.

Equivalent Course(s): PLSC 56101, HMRT 37700, LLSO 23262

PPHA 38790. Introduction to Peacebuilding. 100 Units.

This course aims to provide students with a solid foundation in the theories and practices of contemporary peacebuilding operations, paying attention to the role of external actors, namely international organizations, bilateral donors and non-governmental organizations. Students will gain an understanding of the complex and multifaceted dimensions of peacebuilding, including liberal-democratic statebuilding, stabilization operations, economic restructuring and gender reforms. We will explore these diverse and intersecting themes as they relate to the broader goal of supporting lasting peace and rebuilding war-affected states and societies in meaningful and effective ways. This course pays special attention to the current policy initiatives and operational challenges in Afghanistan, examining the prospects for peace after over more than a decade of international interventions. Without doubt, international peacebuilding endeavors are complicated, costly and fraught with structural limitations and shortcomings. Students will gain familiarity with these challenges and will learn about the various approaches used by the international community to monitor and evaluate the impact of peace processes. Finally, this course concludes with critical theoretical perspectives on liberal peacebuilding and highlights alternative frameworks proposed by scholars to help mitigate future failures and advance successes.

Instructor(s): Chishti, M     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 38820. Machine Learning and Policy. 100 Units.

The goal of this course is to make students better producers and consumers of machine learning tools designed to help solve public policy problems. One thing this goal requires is some understanding of the basics of machine learning: how it works, what makes it different from the usual sort of statistical and econometric tools that we tend to use in social science studies of public policy problems, and how to implement these prediction models (which we will be doing in R, a free statistical program that now includes many machine learning packages). But this goal also requires some understanding of issues that are outside the usual machine learning toolkit, such as: what sorts of public policy problems are right for these tools, and which are not; how do we know whether a new prediction tool is capable of actually improving policy decisions, not just predicting outcomes accurately within some hold-out set; what additional considerations around fairness and other normative values may arise in using machine learning tools for public policy applications; and what challenges are associated with getting policymakers, front-line practitioners or individual citizens to make use of prediction tools and resulting decision aids.

Equivalent Course(s): PBPL 28820

PPHA 38829. Artificial Intelligence for Public Policy. 100 Units.

It is hard to name a sector that will not be dramatically affected by artificial intelligence (or machine learning). There are many excellent courses that teach you the mechanics behind these innovations -- helping you develop an engineering skill set. This course takes a different approach. It is aimed at people who want to deploy these tools, either in business or policy, whether through start-ups or within a large organization. While this requires some knowledge of how these tools work, that is only a small part of the equation, just as knowing how an engine works is a small part of understanding how to drive. What is really needed is an understanding of what these tools do well, and what they do badly. This course focuses on giving you a functional, rather than mechanistic, understanding. By the end, you should be an expert at identifying ideal use-cases and thereby well-placed to create new products, businesses and policies that use artificial intelligence.

Instructor(s): J. Ludwig     Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): Students should have some Statistics experience.
Equivalent Course(s): PBPL 28829

PPHA 38900. Environmental Science/Policy. 100 Units.

With a strong emphasis on the fundamental physics and chemistry of the environment, this course is aimed at students interested in assessing the scientific repercussions of various policies on the environment. The primary goal of the class is to assess how scientific information, the economics of scientific research, and the politics of science interact with and influence public policy development and implementation.

Instructor(s): Coursey, D     Terms Offered: Autumn Spring

PPHA 39201. Energy and Energy Policy. 100 Units.

This course shows how scientific constraints affect economic and other policy decisions regarding energy, what energy-based issues confront our society, how we may address them through both policy and scientific study, and how the policy and scientific aspects can and should interact. We address specific technologies, both those now in use and those under development, and the policy questions associated with each, as well as with more overarching aspects of energy policy that may affect several, perhaps many, technologies.

Instructor(s): S. Berry, G. Tolley     Terms Offered: TBD. May be offered 2019-20
Prerequisite(s): PQ: Third- or fourth-year standing. For ECON majors who want ECON credit for this course (ECON 26800): PQ is ECON 20100.
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 26800, CHSS 37502, ENST 29000, PSMS 39000, BPRO 29000, PBPL 29000

PPHA 39300. Bidwell's Educ Organization/Social Inequality. 100 Units.

No description available.

Equivalent Course(s): SOCI 20105, SOCI 30105

PPHA 39404. Inequality, Household Finance, and Tax Policy. 100 Units.

The first component of this course will feature seminar discussions of income inequality and US tax policy, with a focus on income transfers such as the Earned Income Tax Credit. We will also review current policy topics in Household Finance, the study of how households save, borrow, and/or use insurance to overcome unexpected changes in household income. In addition, we will discuss the process of filing tax returns, the prevalence of income tax refunds, and the various industries, both non-profit and for-profit, that have arisen around this phenomenon. Next, students will go into the field, and work as volunteer tax preparers for a local, Chicago non-profit, the Center for Economic Progress (CEP). Students will be trained as tax preparers (which requires a 3-hour training session), learn how these services are delivered, and will also learn about the various social goals and public benefits that are often coupled with this process. Tax season begins in late January, and the students will work on site at some steady frequency, until the end of the quarter. Students are also encouraged, though not required, to continue to volunteer until the end of the tax season, April 15th. Finally, students will produce one of three deliverables. They can prepare an evaluation of CEP or they can produce a policy brief, or they can produce a research proposal. This course satisfies the Public Policy windows practicum requirement.

Instructor(s): Jones, D     Terms Offered: Winter
Note(s): This course satisfies the Public Policy windows practicum requirement.
Equivalent Course(s): PBPL 29404

PPHA 39510. Food and Drug Law and Policy. 100 Units.

This course explores legal and policy issues in the federal regulation of foods, drugs, medical devices, and other products coming within the jurisdiction of the FDA. It will examine substantive standards applicable to these products and procedural issues in the enforcement of these standards. It will also address the tension between state and federal regulation in this area, constitutional constraints on such regulation, the conflict between state tort law and federal regulation, and a variety of other issues relating to the development and marketing of regulated products. The student's grade is based on class participation and a final examination or major paper.

PPHA 39519. Energy Law and Policy. 100 Units.

Energy markets and regulation have undergone significant changes in the past 20 years in the United States in attempts to improve reliability, to reduce costs, and to address environmental impacts, while meeting increased demand. Focusing primarily on electric power, this course will introduce students to energy economics and the principles and administration of public utility regulation. The class will trace the historical development of the regulated electric industry, review traditional sources of energy used to generate electricity (water, coal, and natural gas), and examine the current structure of the electric industry and emerging issues, including wholesale and retail competition, environmental effects (including climate change), renewable energy, conservation and efficiency.

PPHA 39611. Economics of Cultural Policy. 100 Units.

What are the public policy issues facing arts practitioners in the United States in the 21st century? How will the next generation of arts and culture leaders influence and shape policy beyond seeking appropriations of funds? How can the arts operate both as intrinsically valuable and as key creative tools to apply to tough community issues? Through a combination of lecture/discussion, engagement with leading voices from the field, and scholarly research, this course will provide an overview of cultural policy in the US and explore the evolving intersections of public policy and the arts in the current context.

Instructor(s): Coursey, D     Terms Offered: Autumn Spring

PPHA 39711. Arts, Culture and Policy. 100 Units.

In this course, we will explore the evolving intersections of arts, culture and policy in the United States. We will investigate questions such as: How do government policies (or the lack thereof) shape the environment in which arts and culture are produced and shared? How have the distinctions between "arts" and "culture" influenced policy decisions in the past, particularly given the Eurocentric nature of many "arts" institutions in our country? As we move forward in a more multi-cultural world, what opportunities exist for evolving policies that can support both "culture" and the "arts"? How can policy solutions help create fertile conditions for culture to thrive, particularly in U.S. cities? Through a combination of lecture/discussion, engagement with leading voices from the field, scholarly readings and applied learning, this course will provide the resources necessary for students to create a series of current cultural policy objectives suitable for presentation to decision makers in Chicago and other major cities.

Instructor(s): Gahl-Mills, K     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 39750. Politics and Public Policy in Latin America. 100 Units.

This course will cover the politics of policy making in Latin America. The first part will focus on understanding the problems of economic development in the region. It will address how and why Latin America is different by looking at its economic outcomes, economic and social policies and political institutions. It will also look at different examples of how political institutions shape policy outcomes. The second part will ground the distinctiveness of Latin America in its history, and show why understanding this is critical for comprehending why it is so different from the United States. It will explore how these historical factors persist, for example, how the legacy of authoritarianism shapes redistributive policies and how these historical foundations have created the weak Latin American states we see today. The third part of the course will look at how groups such as civil society or violent actors can also shape policymaking and welfare in this region. Finally, it will discuss some perspectives on whether some countries in the region have managed to find ways to change their political institutions and subsequently their social and economic policies with the prospect of creating a more prosperous society. The aim of this course is for students to gain empirical knowledge on the region's politics and policies as well as a practical understanding of political factors that shape policy outcomes.

Instructor(s): Bautista, M     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 39770. Introduction to Latin American Civilization II. 100 Units.

Winter Quarter addresses the evolution of colonial societies, the wars of independence, and the emergence of Latin American nation-states in the changing international context of the nineteenth century.

Instructor(s): D. Borges     Terms Offered: Winter
Equivalent Course(s): LACS 16200, HIST 36102, SOSC 26200, HIST 16102, CRES 16102, LACS 34700, ANTH 23102

PPHA 39780. Introduction to Latin American Civilization III. 100 Units.

Spring Quarter focuses on the twentieth century, with special emphasis on the challenges of economic, political, and social development in the region.

Instructor(s): B. Fischer     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): HIST 36103, SOSC 26300, ANTH 23103, HIST 16103, CRES 16103, LACS 34800, LACS 16300

PPHA 39830. Quantitative Security. 100 Units.

Since Quincy Wright's A Study of War, scholars of war and security have collected and analyzed data. This course guides students through an intellectual history of the quantitative study of war. The course begins with Wright, moves to the founding of the Correlates of War project in the late 1960s, and then explores the proliferation of quantitative conflict studies in the 1990s and 2000s. The course ends by considering the recent focus on experimental and quasi-experimental analysis. Throughout the course, students will be introduced to the empirical methods used to study conflict and the data issues facing quantitative conflict scholars. For students with limited training in quantitative methods, this course will serve as a useful introduction to such methods. For students with extensive experience with quantitative methods, this course will deepen their understanding of when and how to apply these methods.

Equivalent Course(s): PLSC 48401

PPHA 39921. The Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Cooperation Agreement and Thermoelectric Transition in Brazil. 100 Units.

In this course we present a history of Brazil-Argentina nuclear cooperation and how Brazil is planning the transition of its electric matrix from predominantly hydraulic towards a mix with increased share of nuclear power. Proliferation risks are a main concern of international community when nuclear programs expansion is considered. The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, created in 1991, has been fundamental in assuring the international community (via the International Atomic Energy Agency) that the nuclear materials and facilities of both countries are being used for peaceful purposes. Domestically, the debate has been environmental in nature, and concerns topics ranging from mining to power generation, and from radioactive materials disposal to radiation effects in living organisms and major accidents. These diplomatic, environmental, social and political issues are in turn dependent on technical details of the thermoelectric generating process, and this nexus of issues provides the topics for the course.

Instructor(s): Ramos, Alexandre     Terms Offered: Autumn
Note(s): Tinker Visiting Professor Autumn 2018
Equivalent Course(s): HIPS 25121, LACS 35121, CHSS 35121, LACS 25121

PPHA 39922. Toxic States: Corrupted Ecologies in Latin America and the Caribbean. 100 Units.

Concepts of purity and danger, the sacred and profane, and contamination and healing constitute central analytics of anthropological inquiry into religion, medicine, and ecology. This course brings diverse theories of corporeal corruption to bare on contemporary ethnography of toxicity, particularly in order to examine the impact of political corruption on ecological matters in Latin America and the Caribbean. We will both historicize a growing disciplinary preoccupation with materiality, contamination, and the chemical, as well as conceptualize its empirical significance within neo-colonial/liberal states throughout the region.

Instructor(s): S. Graeter     Terms Offered: Autumn
Equivalent Course(s): LACS 36417, ANTH 23027, LACS 26417, ANTH 32330

PPHA 39925. Energy Policy and Human Behavior. 100 Units.

The success of many environmental and energy-related policies depends on the support and cooperation of the public. This course, drawing from multiple fields of behavioral science, will examine the psychological and social aspects of different energy-related behaviors, ranging from household energy conservation to public support and opposition for emergent energy technologies (e.g., wind farms, fracking, etc.). Through a mix of lecture and discussion, we will explore questions such as: what are potential motivations and barriers - beyond financial considerations - to the uptake of energy efficient and renewable energy technologies? How can policies be designed to enhance adoption? Why is climate change such a divisive issue and what are the psychological barriers that prevent concerned people from acting? Why do people support clean energy broadly but object to developments when proposed in their own communities? By taking a behavioral approach, the course aims to equip students with an enhanced framework for evaluating energy and environmental policies that goes beyond traditional economic and regulatory perspectives. There are no prerequisites.

Instructor(s): Wolske, K     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 39930. International Climate Policy. 100 Units.

Anthropogenic climate change is one of the most difficult challenges faced by modern society. A revolution in socioeconomic and environmental data, along with new and old insights from economics, can inform how we face this global challenge. During the course, our focus will be on the impacts of climate change upon society, and the necessity of solutions that deal with the global scope and often unequal nature of the impacts. This interdisciplinary course covers the tools and insights from economic analysis, environmental science, and statistics that inform our understanding of climate change impacts, the design of mitigation and adaptation policies, and the implementation of these policies. Students will develop a mastery of key conceptual ideas from environmental economics relevant for climate change and acquire tools, both theoretical and empirical, for conducting analyses of climate impacts and policies. The latter parts of the course will hone students' ability in applying these insights and tools through policy debates and presentations. The goal is to help students become informed and critically-minded practitioners of climate-informed policy making.

Instructor(s): Jina, A     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 40101. Policy Analysis: Meths/Apps. 100 Units.

This master's-level course provides students with the basic tools of policy analysis. Students will learn and apply tools of decision analysis in written group assignments and in an accompanying computer lab. Students will also learn and apply concepts of cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, and cost-utility analysis with social service, medical, public health applications. Doctoral students and master's students who intend to take the course Advanced Applications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health will complete two additional laboratory assignments. Topics to be covered include: Decision trees for structured policy analysis, the economic value of information, analysis of screening programs for HIV and child maltreatment, sensitivity analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis of life-saving interventions and programs to reduce behavioral risk, valuing quality of life outcomes, ethical issues in cost-benefit analysis, analysis of irrational risk behaviors. Substantive areas covered include: HIV/substance use prevention, school-based prevention of sexual risk, smoking cessation, and housing policy. In the associated learning lab, students will use computer decision software to build and analyze decision trees in policy-relevant examples. They will conduct one-way and two-way sensitivity analysis to explore the impact of key parameters on cost-effectiveness of alternative policies. Students will receive an introduction to dynamic modeling in the context of HIV prevention, cancer screening, and transportation programs.

Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 45600, PBHS 45610

PPHA 40300. Migration and Immigration: Causes and Consequences. 100 Units.

This course reviews basic concepts, research methodology, and theories (i.e., economic, demographic, sociological, social-psychological) for all forms of spatial mobility (i.e., local moving, internal migration, immigration). Equal emphasis is given to the United States and to other world regions. The goal is to prepare students for independent research and/or policy investigation on a wide range of topics and issues pertaining to the voluntary and involuntary spatial movement of people in the modern world.

Instructor(s): D. Bogue     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): SOCI 30152, SOCI 20152

PPHA 40310. Poverty and Social Welfare Policy. 100 Units.

This course examines the causes and consequences of poverty in the United States and reviews the major social policies used to reduce poverty. It will emphasize U.S. policy approaches but will also include material on other countries for a comparative perspective. The course will emphasize research (both quantitative and qualitative) from a broad range of sources including economics, political science, sociology, developmental psychology, and public health. The types of questions to be addressed include the following: What is poverty? Why is poverty so persistent? Why are poverty rates for certain groups so high? What is the causal impact of poverty on children and adults? What is the effect of social policies on poverty? What are the interrelationships among poverty, family structure, parental behavior, neighborhoods, education, labor market conditions, and public policies? Is poverty passed on from generation to generation?

Instructor(s): Kalil, A     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 40321. The Modern Welfare State. 100 Units.

In 2016, Denmark was the happiest country in the world according to a United Nations happiness report. Denmark, along with Sweden and Finland have shared 20 years of relative prosperity and now are among the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita. They are also "welfare states" with very high levels of taxation and redistribution-policies at odds with traditional views on the power of incentives to encourage prosperity. The influence of this model is evident is policy discussion in the US on issues ranging from educational subsidies to family-friendly workplaces. What can policy makers in other countries learn from the successes and failures of the Welfare State? This class has three goals: 1. to familiarize you with Welfare State taxes and subsidies, 2. to help you understand why these policies are successful (or appear to be successful), and 3. to give you the tools to critically evaluate suggestions for similar policy implementation in the US.

Instructor(s): Gallen, Y     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 40700. Early Childhood: Human Capital Development and Public Policy. 100 Units.

This course is designed to provide an overview of current policy issues involving children and families, and will emphasize the scientific perspective of developmental psychology. The following topics will be addressed: family structure and child development, the role of the father in children's lives, poverty and family processes, maternal employment and child care, adolescent parenthood, neighborhood influences on families, and welfare reform. Theoretical perspectives and measurements, (e.g., the tools of the science), regarding how children develop from infancy to adulthood, will be stressed.

Instructor(s): Kalil, A     Terms Offered: Winter
Equivalent Course(s): PSYC 40710, CHDV 40770

PPHA 41021. Health Impacts of Transportation Policies. 100 Units.

Governments invest in transport infrastructure because it encourages economic growth and mobility of people and goods, which have direct and indirect benefits to health. Yet, an excessive reliance on motorized modes of transport harms population health, the environment and social well-being. The impact on population health is substantial: Globally, road traffic crashes kill over 1.3 million annually. Air pollution, to which transport is an important contributor, kills another 3.2 million people. Motorized modes of transport are also an important contributor to sedentary lifestyles. Physical inactivity is estimated to cause 3.2 million deaths every year, globally. This course will introduce students to thinking about transportation as a technological system that affects human health and well-being through intended and unintended mechanisms. The course will examine the complex relationship between transportation, land use, urban form, and geography, and explore how decisions in other sectors affect transportation systems, and how these in turn affect human health. Students will learn to recognize how the system level properties of a range of transportation systems (such as limited-access highways, urban mass transit, inter-city rail) affect human health.

Instructor(s): Bhalla, K     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 41101. Political Economy I: Introduction to Applied Game Theory. 100 Units.

This course is an introduction to game theory, along with applications to democratic policy making and applied microeconomics. There are no formal prerequisites. This course is optimized for Harris School PhD students, who are taking microeconomics concurrently, and can solve simple optimization problems using calculus.

Instructor(s): Ashworth, S     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 41102. Political Economy II: Intermediate Applied Theory. 100 Units.

This course follows up on Political Economy I: Introduction to Applied Game Theory (PPHA 41101). It will continue to introduce foundational concepts in noncooperative game theory and the key mathematical tools needed for to do applied theory. We will also look at a variety of applications from both political science and economics.

Instructor(s): Buisseret, P     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 41103. Political Economy III: Testing Theories of Political Institutions. 100 Units.

In this course, students will delve into substantive debates in political economy and hone their empirical and analytical skills. We will focus on good research designs that answer important causal questions. In doing so, we will review the technical skills necessary to conduct credible empirical research such as differences-in-differences, instrumental variables, and regression discontinuity designs. More importantly, we will practice the thinking necessary to develop and evaluate good research designs. The class will also incorporate the theoretical training that students received in Political Economy I and II and devote attention to the interplay between theory and empirical testing. This course is not an introduction to statistics or econometrics. The course is intended for PhD students who have already received training in these areas, have been exposed to the econometric tools used in the course, and have taken Political Economy I and II. Everyone other than Harris School PhD and MACRM students should consult the instructor before enrolling. Class sessions will involve a combination of lecture and discussion. Some sessions will review a particular set of empirical methods in detail, others will involve the detailed discussion of a single paper, and others will involve a mix of lecture and discussion revolving around a substantive topic in political economy. Students are expected to prepare for each class session and participate in the discussions.

Instructor(s): Fowler, A     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 41120. Political Economy of Development. 100 Units.

This course is intended as an introduction for Ph.D. students to the research literature in the political economy of development. Its purpose is to give students both a sense of the frontier research topics and a good command of how social science methodological tools are used in the area.

Instructor(s): Blattman, C; Robinson, J     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): PLSC 46600, ECON 35570

PPHA 41210. Physics and Technology for Future Policy Wonks. 100 Units.

We will cover the broad range of physics and technology topics that are at the heart of current local and national policy debates. The aim of the course will be to give you the tools for distinguishing between sense and nonsense when confronted by technology-based arguments - it is not to turn you into physicists! The course text - "Physics and Technology for Future Presidents", by Richard A. Muller - was written specifically with this aim in mind, and will be used as a general guide to the subject areas that we will cover. Most of the course topics will revolve around energy - its generation, distribution, use, and abuse - but depending on students' interests, we may also go into other areas, such as transportation and national security.

Instructor(s): Rosner, R     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 41300. Cost-Benefit Analysis. 100 Units.

The goals of this course include learning (1) how to read, or judge, a cost-benefit analysis; (2) how to incorporate elements of cost-benefit analysis into policy work; and (3) when CBA is a good tool to use and when it isn't. This class also presents an opportunity to reflect on big picture issues of how to treat uncertainty and risk; discount costs and benefits received in the future; value lives saved; and manage other difficult matters. In brief, this class offers a comprehensive treatment of the cost benefit analysis methodology, with attention devoted to the microeconomic underpinnings of the technique as well as applications drawn from many areas, including health, the environment, and public goods.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring Winter

PPHA 41400. Applied Regression Analysis: Analysis of Microeconomic Data. 100 Units.

This course is based on the theory and practice of econometrics. Its intention is to provide hands-on experience with econometric analysis, without neglecting sound knowledge of econometric theory. It is designed to help students acquire skills that make them effective consumers and producers of empirical research in public policy, economics and related fields. Throughout the course, concepts will be illustrated with application in economics. Various aspects will be covered in the course, in particular: i) development of testable econometric models; ii) use of appropriate data, and; iii) specification and estimation of econometric models.

Instructor(s): Gallen, T     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 41420. Multilevel Regression Modeling for Public Policy. 100 Units.

Grouped data, such as students within schools or workers within firms, are ubiquitous in public policy. Both to satisfy the assumptions of regression and to build realistic models that provide realistic inferences we should include group-level intercepts and slopes in our models. Traditionally this was accomplished using fixed effects and their interactions with covariates. However, as we commonly have few observations per group, this approach can yield noisy or degenerate estimates. We will introduce a Bayesian perspective on regression modeling and use it to develop multilevel regression models (also known as hierarchical or mixed-effects models). Under certain assumptions, these models allow us to partially pool information across groups in order to efficiently model the group structure even when the number of observations within each group is small. Recent advances in computing have made the estimation of multilevel models much more practical. Drawing on examples from the fields of epidemiology, education, and political science, we will study applications of multilevel models to heterogeneous treatment effects, small area estimation, longitudinal data, and prediction. Familiarity with R and linear regression are assumed.

Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): PPHA 31102 or 31301 or comparable statistical analysis course
Note(s): Potash, E

PPHA 41600. Survey Research Methodology. 100 Units.

Scientific social surveys provide a substantial proportion of the data on which policy decisions in government are based. In health services research, child and family research, education, and much of social and economic statistics, the dominant data source is the survey. This course is designed to introduce participants to the key components of the survey and how to evaluate them. The field of survey methodology draws on theories and practices from several academic disciplines - sociology, psychology, statistics, mathematics, computer science, and economics. This course will introduce the set of principles that are the basis of standard practice in the field. Topics include: inference in social research; survey design; coverage, sampling, and nonresponse; questionnaire and question design; modes of data collection; interviewing; post-collection processing; scientific integrity and ethics; history of survey research; evaluation of surveys. The course will include a quarter-long project in which small groups will design a survey to tackle a real-life survey issue and present the results at the end of the quarter.

Instructor(s): Davern, M     Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): At least one course in statistics at the level of PPHA 31000.

PPHA 41800. Survey Questionnaire Design. 100 Units.

The questionnaire has played a critical role in gathering data used to assist in making public policy, evaluating social programs, and testing theories about social behavior (among other uses). This course offers a systematic way to construct and evaluate questionnaires. We will learn to think about survey questions from the perspective of the respondent and in terms of cognitive and social tasks that underlie responding. We will examine the impact of questions on data quality and will review past and recent methodological research on questionnaire development. The course will help students to tell the difference between better and worse types of survey questions, find and evaluate existing questions on different topics, and construct and test questionnaires for their own needs. Prerequisites: Graduate standing (no undergraduate standing). Students enrolled in this class are expected to have completed at least one course on research methods. Some background in psychology is helpful, but it is not required.

Instructor(s): Bautista, R     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): PSYC 47500, SSAD 57500

PPHA 42000. Applied Econometrics I. 100 Units.

This course is the first in a two-part sequence designed to cover applied econometrics and regression methods at a fairly advanced level. This course provides a theoretical analysis of linear regression models for applied researchers. It considers analytical issues caused by violations of the Gauss-Markov assumptions, including linearity (functional form), heteroscedasticity, and panel data. Alternative estimators are examined to deal with each. Familiarity with matrix algebra is necessary.

Instructor(s): Grogger, J     Terms Offered: Winter
Prerequisite(s): This course is intended for first or second-year Ph.D. students or advanced masters-level students who have taken the Statistics 24400/24500 sequence.

PPHA 42100. Applied Econometrics II. 100 Units.

Public Policy 42100, the second in a two-part sequence, is a basic course in applied econometrics designed to provide students with the tools necessary to evaluate and conduct empirical research. It will focus on the analysis of theoretical econometric problems and the hands-on use of economic data. Topics will include non-linear estimation, multi-variate and simultaneous systems of equations, and qualitative and limited dependent variables. Some familiarity with linear algebra is strongly recommended. Required of all first-year Ph.D. students.

Instructor(s): Ito, K     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 42500. Public Finance I. 100 Units.

This Ph.D.-level course provides the conceptual and theoretical foundations of public finance by dealing with a large number of concepts, models, and techniques that are used in the research on public finance. A command of the positive analysis of the incidence of government policies is fundamental to the study of most problems of public finance; positive analysis is emphasized throughout the course. Among the topics are: measurements of changes in welfare; economy-wide incidence of taxes; effects of taxation on risk-taking, investments, and financial markets; corporate taxation; taxation of goods and services; taxation of income; taxation and savings; positive problems of redistribution; and tax arbitrage, tax avoidance, tax evasion, and the underground economy.

Prerequisite(s): Open to Ph.D. students; other students may enroll with consent of the instructor.
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 36000

PPHA 42510. Applied Financial Management. 100 Units.

This course will cover topics in both corporate finance and investments. The goal is to provide students with the tools to solve problems and the practical knowledge to understand financial decision-making and financial markets. The focus will be resolutely practical - how these tools are actually used in the markets - but is built on solid theory combined with over twenty years of industry experience.

Instructor(s): Coleman, T     Terms Offered: Spring
Note(s): Students should not take PPHA 42510 and PPHA 42510 - Financial Investments for Public Policy.

PPHA 42521. History of Financial Crises. 100 Units.

This course has an ambitious goal - to investigate both the tools of risk management at the firm level through hands-on training and practice, and the lessons of macroeconomic or systemic risk through examination of financial crises throughout history. These lessons are important - whether it is the South Sea Company crisis of 1700s or the mortgage debt crisis in the United States in the 2000s, financial crises have shaped our world. Understanding history is the first step towards intelligent policy. To examine the financial and economic history we will read some of the classic (and also some of the newer) texts in this area:  A Monetary History of the United States, 1857-1960 by Milton Friedman & Anna Jacobson Schwartz; Manias, Panics, and Crashes by Charles P. Kindleberger (for a history of financial panics); Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds by Charles Mackay (for a history of the 18th century South Sea Bubble in Britain and the Sword Blade Bank and Mississippi Company in France); This Time is Different - Eight Centuries of Financial Folly by Carmen Reinhart & Kenneth Rogoff (for why this time is not different - financial folly has a long history); Fragile by Design by Charles Calomiris & Stephen Haber (for a cogent and disciplined analysis of banking systems across time and across countries - US, Canada, UK, Mexico, and Brazil)

Instructor(s): T. Coleman     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 42535. Bank Regulation and Management. 100 Units.

This course counts toward the Economic Policy certificate. This course presents the basics of the banking business and the development of the current financial regulatory environment for the United States, the European Union, the UK, and China, as well as the role of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in setting global standards.. Payment systems and bank management of financial risks, including credit, market and others, will be covered. The focus will be on the banking and money markets in each of these countries, with limited discussion of futures and equity exchanges, and unregulated financial activities. The course will provide an overview of the various regulatory bodies, which cover financial services in these countries. Further, the delineation of responsibilities and areas of overlap and potential conflict will be discussed. Major legislation in each country will be presented and some discussion of the underlying legal, economic and financial theories that led to these laws will be discussed.

Instructor(s): Schabes, D     Terms Offered: TBD
Note(s): Economic Policy Certificate course; Students pursuing certificate receive priority.

PPHA 42540. Fiscal and Monetary Policy in the 21st Century. 100 Units.

This course discusses public policy from macroeconomic perspective. We will examine how public policy effects the macroeconomy both in theory and in practice. The first part of the course studies household labor, savings, and consumption behavior in the face of various government policies and how these aggregate in the macroeconomy. In particular, we will pay special attention to (1) taxes, (2) transfer programs, and (3) social insurance programs including both their cyclical and long-run effects. We will then turn to the empirical analysis of social safety net programs, paying attention to cross-state and cross-country comparisons. We will conclude this section of the course by discussing the tradeoffs the government faces in providing social insurance, reducing inequality, and promoting efficiency. The second part of the course will study monetary policy, touching on money and banking. We will study several models of monetary policy and their public policy implications. We will conclude with a discussion of the U.S. Financial Crisis.

Instructor(s): Gallen, T     Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 42811. Foreign Relations Law. 100 Units.

This course examines the constitutional and statutory doctrines regulating the conduct of American foreign relations. Topics include the allocation of foreign relations powers between the three branches of the federal government, the status of international law in U.S. courts, the scope of the treaty power, the validity of executive agreements and the power to declare and conduct war. The course will also focus on the political question and other doctrines regulating judicial review in foreign relations cases. Where relevant, current events will be explored, such as ongoing controversies regarding individual rights during wartime, the post-September 11 war on terrorism, targeted killings, and drone strikes, among other topics. Grades will be based on a final examination.

Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 42820. Law and Economic Development. 100 Units.

Why do some nations perform better than others, whether measured by income, happiness, health, environmental quality, educational quality, freedom, etc.? We explore the proximate causes of inequality across countries, including the role of human capital, natural resources, technology and market organization. We also explore the root causes of long term differences in welfare. We will consider the role of geography (e.g., location in tropical areas) and technological development (e.g., the impact of plow agriculture) on welfare. We will spend a substantial amount of time on the role of institutions, broadly defined, on development. We will explore the value of state capacity, democracy, and the common law. We will study the impact of disruptions such as the slave trade, colonialism and war. Ultimately, we will try to understand the implications of each explanation for development policy. Time permitting, we will also consider consider optimal, second-best rules for countries with weak state capacity and limited rule of law. Students will be required to complete a review and critical analysis of the literature on a specific topic in development (20-25 pages). The topic must be approved by the professor.

PPHA 43401. Diplomacy & Defense. 100 Units.

Despite many noble efforts, neither the US government nor the world comes with a reliable user manual. Using the tools of defense and diplomacy varies drastically based on policy area, administration, and banalities like managerial personalities. So, this course will focus on developing durable, versatile skills, like designing a simulation. To that end, the course will explore a few exemplary cases in which the tensions between the Departments of Defense and State become clear, such as the United States' involvement with reconstruction after war. At the course's end, equipped with skills, lessons learned, and a bit of theory, the course will return to synthesizing lessons around defense & diplomacy as a class.

Instructor(s): Ansari, S     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 43450. Seminar on China Macro Policy. 100 Units.

During this seminar under the aegis of professor Thomas Coleman, students will explore a topic of their choosing on Chinese macroeconomic policy. Students will conduct guided research on a topic approved by the instructor at the beginning of the quarter. Students must submit to the instructor a proposal by the third week. Students must develop and submit to the instructor the reading list for their chosen topic. (Students must use a citation management system such as Zotero, EndNote, Mendeley.) Students should view this as a seminar where they teach other students (and faculty) about their topic, rather than as a course where the faculty teach the students. Thomas Coleman from Harris together with colleagues from the Paulson Institute will direct and supervise the independent study. The class will meet each week and students will present a critical summary of the most relevant reading and news on their topic and discuss their research progress with fellow students and the instructors. Students' weekly presentations can include own info-graphics and charts to explain or summarize concepts and trends.

Instructor(s): Coleman, T     Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 43900. Basic Demographic Analysis. 100 Units.

This course is an introduction to the concepts and methods of demographic analysis. It is intended to provide students with a general understanding of the processes that shape population size, structure, and dynamics and with the logical bases for the most frequent measures of these processes. The emphasis will be on measurement issues inhuman population while making clear the broader relevance of demographic analysis to the study of any population or system.

Terms Offered: Spring 2006
Equivalent Course(s): SOCI 40101

PPHA 44100. Advanced Microeconomics for Policy Analysis I. 100 Units.

Students should learn the neoclassical theories of consumer behavior, production, and competitive equilibrium. Students will also be introduced to the selection problem and basic approaches to the solving the selection problem.

Instructor(s): Ashworth, S     Terms Offered: Fall

PPHA 44200. Advanced Microeconomics for Policy Analysis II. 100 Units.

The course provides a rigorous foundation of microeconomics and the mathematical tools necessary for students who want to take graduate level courses in economics and public policy and understand articles in economics journals. It covers classical consumer theory, choice under uncertainty, and theory of production; competitive markets and general equilibrium; and an introduction to game theory with applications to signaling and principle-agent problems. The course is intended for students with a solid understanding of intermediate microeconomics (e.g. PPHA 32300 and PPHA 32400) and facility in (single-variable) calculus. Further mathematical tools will be introduced as needed. Required of all Ph.D. students.

Instructor(s): Jones, D     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 44320. Energy and Environmental Economics I. 100 Units.

This course will emphasize the economics of natural resource production and problems associated with externalities and common property, with a focus on the energy sector. Most lectures will be theoretical in nature, but we will spend considerable time studying applications that have an empirical component. The course has several complementary objectives: (1) provide a solid foundation in concepts like Hotelling's Rule and Pigouvian taxation that are a prerequisite for understanding modern environmental and resource economics; (2) develop proficiency with theoretical, computational, and empirical tools that will be valuable for future self-directed research; and (3) gain experience in reading, presenting, and discussing modern research in energy and environmental economics.

Equivalent Course(s): ECON 36730

PPHA 44330. Environmental and Energy Economics II. 100 Units.

Graduate field sequence course focusing on energy and environmental economics.

Instructor(s): Kellogg, K     Terms Offered: Winter
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 36740

PPHA 44340. Energy and Environmental Economics III. 100 Units.

Optimal environmental regulation requires an analysis of the trade-o s between market and regulatory imperfections. Market allocations are inefficient in the presence of imperfections such as externalities, market power, and informational asymmetries. On the other hand, government intervention to mitigate these imperfections is not costless, and can even make market performance worse. This course focuses on recent empirical analysis of the costs and benefits of environmental and energy policies, including an introduction to the relevant econometric methodologies such as randomized controlled trials, regression discontinuity designs, bunching analysis, and structural estimation. Topics will include: energy demand and the energy efficiency gap, fuel economy and appliance efficiency standards, non-linear and real-time electricity pricing, wholesale electricity markets, renewable electricity policies, natural gas markets, retail gasoline markets, and technology innovations.

Instructor(s): Ito, K     Terms Offered: Spring
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 36750

PPHA 44550. Weak States and International Relations. 100 Units.

The course will begin with a review of the development of the modern state and the international system based on Westphalian concepts of state sovereignty. Then we will study the basic causes and consequences of weakness or fragility of states, and we will consider how the international system has responded to the challenges of weak states and failed states. The course will conclude with a focus on the search for better ways to support positive political development in weak or fragile states. Students will be expected to write a paper that applies ideas from the course to a current or historical situation.

Instructor(s): Myerson, R; Miklaucic, M     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 44650. Applications of Hierarchical Linear Models. 100 Units.

A number of diverse methodological problems such as correlates of change, analysis of multi-level data, and certain aspects of meta-analysis share a common feature-a hierarchical structure. The hierarchical linear model offers a promising approach to analyzing data in these situations. This course will survey the methodological literature in this area, and demonstrate how the hierarchical linear model can be applied to a range of problems.

Instructor(s): S. Raudenbush     Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): Applied statistics at a level of multiple regression
Equivalent Course(s): EDSO 30112, EDSO 20112, SOCI 30112, SOCI 20112

PPHA 44900. Social Experiments: Design and Generalization. 100 Units.

The pressure in many fields (notably medicine, health research, and education) for evidence-based results has increased the importance of the design and analysis of social investigations. This course will address three broad issues: the design and analysis of social experiments and quasi-experiments; the design and analysis of sample surveys; and how the interrelationships between the two approaches can inform generalization from experiments. There are two parallel streams in the course. First, the course will tackle the issues of generalization from three different perspectives: (i) the classic statistical design of experiments; (ii) the design of experiments and quasi-experiments in the social sciences; (iii) the design and analysis of sample surveys. Second, using a set of readings on research design in a variety of settings, we will consider how evidence from research is gathered and used. Randomized clinical trials in medicine, tests of interventions in education and manpower planning, and the use of scientific evidence in policy formulation will be among the examples.

Instructor(s): Omuirheartaigh, C     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 45210. Regional Innovation Strategies. 100 Units.

This course will familiarize students with the process for growing a regional innovation economy, as demonstrated in the Bay Area, Boston, Tel Aviv, and Dortmund, Germany, and Akron, Ohio, to name just a few. We will cover the importance of applied research, the process of technology transfer, clusters, and the role of government support and public policy. Using Chicago, a city that has struggled to compete in technology, as a case study, we will design an exportable process for supporting entrepreneurship, manufacturing, and job creation in new industries.

Instructor(s): Day, T     Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 45400. Longitudinal Data Analysis I. 100 Units.

This course acquaints students with the basic tools for analyzing panel and longitudinal data on individual event histories and life cycle trajectories. Students will become acquainted with the wealth of panel and longitudinal data, the basic methods for analyzing these data, and relevant analysis program and software tools. The topics covered include: basic demographic analysis; single state and multi-state duration analysis for discrete time and continuous time models; issues of sampling frames; panel data econometric methods (random effects and fixed effects and their generalizations for general forms of heterogeneity); the  analysis of treatment effects and  econometric policy evaluation including propensity score matching and new extensions; and dynamic discrete choice. Methods for computation and hands-on experience will be stressed. Credit for the course will be based on empirical projects. The pace of coverage will be dictated by student interest and research questions. The course will operate as a weekly seminar with lectures and interaction.

Equivalent Course(s): ECON 41901

PPHA 45700. Environment and Development. 100 Units.

The course objective is to introduce and familiarize the students with the political approaches and methods of environmental analysis and assessment used to support decision‑making and the development of policies and regulations at local, regional, national, and global scales.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 46350. Economics of Regulation. 100 Units.

This course is 1 of 2 required courses in the Markets and Regulation track of the Economic Policy certificate at Harris. This course will examine the evaluation and implementation of economic policies. This course also examines the structure and properties of different markets and regulatory schema.

Instructor(s): Ierulli, K     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 46500. Race and Ethnicity in American Political Life. 100 Units.

Race and ethnicity have historically played a pivotal role in American political discourse and in the formation of social policy. Through the use of sociological literature on individual and group identity formation as well as fiction, history and autobiography this course examines social constructions of race and ethnicity as an analytical tool for understanding the development and implementation of social policies. Contemporary questions raised by a multicultural society for social policy and practice are explored.

Equivalent Course(s): SSAD 46900

PPHA 46610. Workplace and Family Policy. 100 Units.

The topics covered in the course will include: the demographic transition, human capital accumulation, gender wage and employment gaps, discrimination in the workplace, family leave and childcare policies, tax policies including subsidies like the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), and related welfare policies. We will draw on the theory of static and dynamic labor supply, theories of labor demand, and labor market equilibrium to guide its investigation, and use empirical tools to answer research questions. For each topic covered in this course, I will introduce an elementary treatment of the canonical theoretical model and give examples of its empirical application. In studying empirical applications, we will often draw on analysis from international experience.

Terms Offered: TBD

PPHA 47400. Women, Development, and Politics. 100 Units.

This course will explore the dominant and emerging trends and debates in the field of women and international development. The major theoretical perspectives responding to global gender inequities will be explored alongside a wide range of themes impacting majority-world women, such as free market globalization, health and sexuality, race and representation, participatory development, human rights, the environment and participation in politics. Course lectures will integrate policy and practitioner accounts and perspectives to reflect the strong influence development practice has in shaping and informing the field. Course materials will also include anti-racist, postcolonial and post-development interruptions to dominant development discourse, specifically to challenge the underlying biases and assumptions of interventions that are predicated on transforming "them" into "us". The material will also explore the challenges of women participating in politics and what are the consequences when they do or do not.

Terms Offered: Autumn
Note(s): Bautista, M; Chishti, M

PPHA 47900. Fundamentals of Health Services Research: Theory, Methods and Applications. 100 Units.

This course is designed to provide an introduction to the fundamentals of health services research. The basic concepts of health services research will be taught with emphasis on both their social scientific foundations and the methods needed for their practical application to empirically relevant research. Theoretical foundations will draw on principles from economics, sociology, psychology, and the other social sciences. Methodological topics to be covered will include techniques for data collection and analysis, including outcomes measurement, survey methods, large data set research, population-based study design, community based participatory research, research based in clinical settings, qualitative methods, cost-effectiveness analysis, and tools of economic and sociological analysis. The theoretical and empirical techniques taught will emphasize those relevant to the examination of health care costs, quality, and access. Major applications will include: measurement and improvement of health care quality, analysis of health disparities, analysis of health care technology, and analysis of health care systems and markets.

Instructor(s): D. Meltzer, M. H. Chin     Terms Offered: Summer
Equivalent Course(s): CCTS 45200

PPHA 48200. Analysis of Microeconomic Data -1. 100 Units.

This course provides a theoretical analysis of linear regression models for applied researchers. Econometric topics include partial regression, the Gauss-Markov Theorem, estimation, and hypothesis testing. Alternative estimators and testing procedures are developed to deal with departures from the Gauss-Markov assumptions such as heteroskedasticity, panel data, endogenous regressors, and binary dependent variables. The course assumes familiarity with matrix algebra and mathematical statistics.

Equivalent Course(s): ECON 37200

PPHA 48400. Analysis of Microeconomic Data 3. 100 Units.

Equivalent Course(s): ECON 37400

PPHA 48403. Optimization-Conscious Econometrics. 100 Units.

Modern research in econometrics often intersects with machine learning and big data questions. Likewise, while the overlap of econometrics with optimization and operations research has traditionally been limited, previously intractable large scale or combinatorially difficult econometrics problems are now being solved using modern optimization software and heuristics. This lays out a rich research agenda and opens up consequential new questions for econometricians. How can machine learning methods be used for econometric regression analysis and causal inference? How can modern optimization methods be applied to solve previously intractable econometric problems? What are the statistical consequences of changes made for numerical reasons? How does one do inference on the output of nonstandard optimization problems? At the heart of these new estimation and inference questions lies the need to design and understand estimators as the product of algorithms and optimization problem, not only the minimand and of objective functions.

Instructor(s): G. Pouliot     Terms Offered: Winter
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 31740

PPHA 50000. Internship: Public Policy. 100 Units.

Elective course credit may be received in conjunction with an internship if the student writes a paper of academic caliber under the supervision of a Harris School faculty advisor. Normally the advisor assigns readings, meets with the student, and conducts the course in the manner of an Individual Reading and Research course.

PPHA 50200. Ph.D. Workshop. 25 Units.

This course provides students with an opportunity to present their research to faculty and other PhD students.

PPHA 50201. PhD Presentation Workshop. 100 Units.

This workshop is aimed at all PhD students and will actively involve those in the 3rd year or higher. The workshop will focus on the form of their PhD presentations - how to communicate and explain your research. This workshop will run parallel to the PhD workshop for all doctoral students. The format will be a discussion of presentation tools and tips, followed by student presentations. Students who present in the prior PhD workshop will present in this workshop. Students should consider this workshop a collaborative discussion of: 1) What went well in the prior PhD Workshop, 2) What went poorly during the presentation, and 3) How to modify and improve the presentation. The discussion will be on how to communicate and explain not the content of the presentation.

PPHA 50202. PhD Development Workshop. 100 Units.

The PhD Development workshop is an internal and external speaker series on new topics in international development economics. Audit Only.

Instructor(s): Blattman, C     Terms Offered: Autumn Spring Winter

PPHA 51200. Field Research. 000 Units.

This a non-credit course open only to Harris international students who are pursuing a paid internship via CPT. Permission to be enrolled in this course must be granted by the student's Harris academic advisor. They must complete a 3-4 page reflection paper at the end of the internship, which should be turned into their advisor. The employer will also be asked to complete an evaluation form.

PPHA 51500. Public Policy and Economics Workshop. 100 Units.

This is a workshop; Only open to PhD students and is an audit only course

Equivalent Course(s): ECON 56300

PPHA 51600. Workshop on Human Potential and Public Policy. 100 Units.

The Workshop on Human Potential is one of the core intellectual activities of the Center for Human Potential and Public Policy. It is an interdisciplinary forum for graduate students, post docs, and faculty whose work concerns behavior, health, and well-being across the lifespan and the ways in which technology and public policy shape human potential and achievement. The Workshop has active members in the areas of the social, behavioral, health, and policy sciences. The Workshop on Human Potential alternates between two types of sessions. Not only do we regularly invite outside speakers for a traditional "workshop" presentation, but we also provide a forum for faculty, post-doctoral fellows, and graduate students to present research-in-progress in order to receive critical and constructive feedback. PhD students enrolling in this course should expect to be registered as an auditor.

PPHA 51700. Energy Policy Practicum. 100 Units.

Course Search

Equivalent Course(s): BUSN 33701

PPHA 51900. Center for Program Evaluation Workshop. 100 Units.

This course provides students with an opportunity to present their research to faculty and other PhD students. Faculty will also present their research.

PPHA 51910. Inequality Reading Group. 100 Units.

This is a workshop; This course provides students with an opportunity to present their research to faculty and other PhD students. Faculty will also present their research. Open only to PhD students and is an audit only course.

PPHA 52000. Individual Reading and Research Course. 100 Units.

The instructor and the student determine the nature of each Reading and Research Course. It is expected that they meet at least three or four times during the quarter and that the student write a substantial original paper.

PPHA 52500. Apprenticeship: Public Policy. 100 Units.

This course is only open to MA CRM students at the Harris School. Students work with a faculty member as a research assistant. They will also develop ideas for a research paper and begin writing under the faculty supervisor's direction.

PPHA 56100. Workshop: Political Economy. 100 Units.

This is a workshop; Only open to PhD students and is an audit only course.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring Winter
Equivalent Course(s): ECON 56100, PLSC 55300

PPHA 56101. Seminar: Political Economy. 100 Units.

This is a PE lunch/workshop; This course provides students with an opportunity to present their research to faculty and other PhD students. Faculty will also present their research. Only open to PhD students and is an audit only course.

PPHA 57000. Microeconomics for International Development. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the MA in International Development and Policy program and will discuss microeconomic principles required for economic development contexts.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 57100. Data Analysis for International Development. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the MA in International Development and Policy program and will discuss data analysis principles required for economic development contexts.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 57200. Analytical Politics for International Development. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the MA in International Development and Policy program and will analyze policy making principles required for international development contexts.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 57300. Economic Development and Policy (MAIDP) 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the MA in International Development and Policy program and will discuss policy principles required for economic development contexts.

Instructor(s): Jina, A     Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 58001. Data Analytics I: Quantitative Analysis. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the Evening MA program and will discuss microeconomic and statistical principles required for practitioners in policy making.

Terms Offered: Autumn
Prerequisite(s): Fowler, A

PPHA 58002. Data Analytics II: Introduction to Program Evaluation. 100 Units.

The goal of this course is to introduce students to program evaluation and provide an overview of current issues and methods in impact evaluation. We will focus on estimating the causal impacts of programs and policy using social experiments, panel data methods, instrumental variables, regression discontinuity designs, and matching techniques.

PPHA 58050. Leadership, Negotiations & Management. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the Evening MA program and will discuss leadership principles required for practitioners in policy making.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 58101. Economic Analysis I: Microeconomics. 100 Units.

The goal of Economic Analysis I: Microeconomics is to introduce microeconomics with an emphasis on understanding market, market failures, and welfare analysis.

PPHA 58102. Economic Analysis II: Introduction to Cost Benefit Analysis. 100 Units.

Second of two course series. The goal of Economic Analysis II is to continue the analysis of microeconomics with an emphasis on understanding cost benefit analysis. Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is the primary tool used to provide quantitative evidence to inform public policy decisions. Ideally, CBA will improve the efficiency of public policy by identifying public policies/projects that create the most "value" for society. The concept of CBA is easily understood. For any project/policy under consideration (versus current state of the world), do the following: add up all of the current and future monetary costs of the project/policy; add up all of the current and future monetary benefits of the project/policy; and then compare the benefits to costs. If benefits are greater than costs, then the project/policy is candidate to be implemented. Seems straightforward, right? Conceptually it is pretty straightforward, although there are some thorny theoretical and philosophical issues that arise. The conceptual difficulties, while important, are few in comparison, however, to the practical difficulties associated with conducting a CBA. This course will review the theoretical/conceptual foundations of CBA as applied in the public sector. The course will also review some of the philosophical issues central to the validity of CBA and practical difficulties in conducting CBA.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring

PPHA 58103. Economic Analysis III: Public Finance and Budgeting. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the Evening MA program and will discuss public finance principles required for practitioners in policy making.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 58201. Analytical Politics I: Foundations. 100 Units.

This course is a required core course for the Evening MA program and will analyze the policy making principles required for practitioners in policy making.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring

PPHA 58202. Analytical Politics II: Politics and Policy Making. 100 Units.

This course is the second of a two course series required for the Evening MA program. This course will analyze the policy making principles required for practitioners in policy making.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 58500. Microeconomics for Health Policy. 100 Units.

The first of a two-part sequence in microeconomic theory, this course covers the theory of consumer choice, the theory of the firm and the concept of equilibrium. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program.

PPHA 58600. Statistics for Health Policy. 100 Units.

This course aims to provide students with a basic understanding of statistical analysis for policy research and leadership. This course makes no assumptions about prior knowledge, apart from basic mathematics skills. Examples will draw on current events and global health debates when possible. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Spring
Note(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program.

PPHA 58700. Leadership, Negotiation and Advocacy in Health Policy: Strategies and Tactics. 100 Units.

Discusses two major 'soft skills' that are critical to drive successful health policy engagement and reform: Leadership and Negotiation. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Spring
Note(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program.

PPHA 58800. The Fix: Health Policy Project. 100 Units.

Led by Harris faculty, this is an intensive experiential learning initiative in which teams of students work under faculty supervision to apply their rigorous program education to resolve actual health policy challenges. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Summer
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program

PPHA 59100. Current Topics in Public Policy I. 25 Units.

First of four course current topics seminar on contemporary public policy issues for the Harris Evening MA program.

Terms Offered: Autumn

PPHA 59200. Current Topics in Public Policy II. 25 Units.

Second of four course current topics seminar on contemporary public policy issues for the Harris Evening MA program.

Terms Offered: Winter

PPHA 59300. Current Topics in Public Policy III. 25 Units.

Third of four course current topics seminar on contemporary public policy issues for the Harris Evening MA program.

Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 59400. Current Topics in Public Policy IV. 25 Units.

Fourth of four course current topics seminar on contemporary public policy issues for the Harris Evening MA program.

Terms Offered: Spring

PPHA 59500. Analytical Politics: The Policymaking Process. 100 Units.

This course covers the normative foundations of policy making, how strategic interactions give rise to social dilemmas that create room for public policy to improve social welfare, and how technological, political and institutional factors constrain policymakers and sometimes prevent good policies from being enacted. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program.

PPHA 59600. Health Policy Research Methods. 100 Units.

Introduces students to a diverse range of mixed methods approaches to policy research and will provide them with a foundation in multiple disciplinary perspectives and methodological approaches. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program.

PPHA 59700. Microeconomics for Health Policy II. 100 Units.

This second part of a two-course sequence on microeconomics explores why markets and policies can fail to be efficient and what polices and markets may be used to correct these inefficiencies. Part of the Double Executive Masters Program with the London School of Economics.

Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Double Executive Masters Program.

PPHA 60000. Policy Lab. 100 Units.

In Harris Policy Labs, students work under faculty supervision to apply their Harris training to help government agencies and non-profit organizations address public policy challenges. Students effectively serve as policy consultants, working in interdisciplinary teams to conduct research, analyze complex data, and engage with clients and other experts to produce a set of solution-oriented final deliverables. In addition to gaining first-hand experience on a specific policy issue, students hone other skills that prepare them for policy careers such as working with imperfect data, navigating team dynamics, and communicating complex analyses and policy recommendations to a client's leadership. In 2018-19, Policy Labs will be offered in Autumn, Winter and Spring Quarters. Each Lab will focus on a particular policy area or set of policy tools and engage two or three different client organizations. Clients will range from local to international organizations and are expected to include Metropolitan Planning Council, Chicago Park District, Oxfam America, Chicago Department of Family and Support Services, Advance Illinois, Illinois Department of Human Services, World Bank, NATO, Forefront, City of Gary, and others. Some projects may be of particular interest to students who are planning to complete Harris certificate programs.

Terms Offered: Autumn Spring Winter

PPHA 70000. Advanced Study: Public Policy Studies. 300.00 Units.

Advanced Study: Public Policy Studies